CYP19A1

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This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and catalyzes the last steps of estrogen biosynthesis. Mutations in this gene can result in either increased or decreased aromatase activity; the associated phenotypes suggest that estrogen functions both as a sex steroid hormone and in growth or differentiation. Aromatase, also called estrogen synthetase or estrogen synthase, is an enzyme responsible for a key step in the biosynthesis of estrogens. It is CYP19A1, a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily (EC 1.14.14.1), which are monooxygenases that catalyze many reactions involved in steroidogenesis. In particular, aromatase is responsible for the aromatization of androgens into estrogens. The aromatase enzyme can be found in many tissues including gonads (granulosa cells), brain, adipose tissue, placenta, blood vessels, skin, and bone, as well as in tissue of endometriosis, uterine fibroids, breast cancer, and endometrial cancer. It is an important factor in sexual development.
JUMP TOSUBSTRATESINDUCERSINHIBITORS
CYP11A1   *
CYP11B1   *
CYP11B2   *
CYP17A1   *
CYP19A1
CYP1A1
CYP1A2
CYP1B1
CYP21A2
CYP24A1   *
CYP27A1   *
CYP2A1   *
CYP2A6
CYP2B1   *
CYP2B2   *
CYP2B6
CYP2C11   *
CYP2C18   *
CYP2C19
CYP2C8
CYP2C9
CYP2D6
CYP2E1
CYP2J2
CYP2S1
CYP3A11   *
CYP3A2   *
CYP3A4
CYP3A5
CYP3A7
CYP4A1   *
CYP4B1
CYP4F11   *
CYP4F22   *
CYP51A1   *

  * Non-Human
Androstenedione → Estrone + HCOOH
Testosterone → Estradiol
Coumestrol
Naringenin
Apigenin
Baicalein
Biochanin A
Catechin
Chalcones
Chrysin
Eriodictyol
Galangin
Genistein
Hesperetin
Isoliquiritigenin
Mangostin
Myosmine
Naringenin
Nicotine
Quercetin
Resveratrol
Vitamin E
Zinc

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