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Streptococcus

RANK: Genus

TAXONOMY: Bacteria -> Terrabacteria group -> Firmicutes -> Bacilli -> Lactobacillales -> Streptococcaceae -> Streptococcus

OVERVIEW:

'Streptococcus' is a genus of coccus (spherical) gram-positive bacteria belonging to the phylum Firmicutes and the order Lactobacillales (lactic acid bacteria). Cell division in this genus occurs along a single axis in these bacteria, and thus they grow in chains or pairs, hence the name—from Greek στρεπτÏŒς streptos, meaning easily bent or twisted, like a chain (twisted chain). (Contrast this with staphylococci, which divide along multiple axes and generate grape-like clusters of cells.) Most are oxidase-negative and catalase-negative, and many are facultative anaerobes. In 1984, many bacteria formerly considered Streptococcus were separated out into the genera Enterococcus and Lactococcus. Currently, over 50 species are recognised in this genus. Identified as constituent of skin microbiome. [PMC2746716]

This genus contains microbial species that can reside in the human gastrointestinal tract. [PMC 4262072]

Microbial Abundance Data: Streptococcus
(Percent of total population with standard deviation [PMID: 22698087])
Group 1
Group 2
Group 3
Group 4
Group 1 Avg
Buccal
Mucosa
Keratinized
Gingiva
Hard
Palate
Group 2 Avg
Throat
Throat
Tonsils
Saliva
Group 3 Avg
Supragingival
Plaque
Subgingival
Plaque
Stool
47.322 %
(17.887)
52.152 %
(16.392)
47.989 %
(20.607)
41.825 %
(16.662)
20.356 %
(13.888)
25.221 %
(17.057)
23.873 %
(17.466)
19.587 %
(13.318)
12.744 %
(7.711)
12.952 %
(9.163)
14.392 %
(9.232)
11.512 %
(9.094)
0.065 %
(0.374)
TAGS
Keystone Core species Type species Pathogen Dysbiosis associated Flora/ commensal Gut associated Probiotic
Leanness Obesity Skin microbiome Fecal distribution Oral microbiome Vaginal microbiome Butyrate producer Catalase producer
Histamine producer Food fermenter Amylolytic Propionate producer Nitrifying
DESCENDANTS
  • Streptococcus acidominimus
  • Streptococcus agalactiae
  • Streptococcus alactolyticus
  • Streptococcus anginosus group
  • Streptococcus anthracis
  • Streptococcus australis
  • Streptococcus caballi
  • Streptococcus cameli
  • Streptococcus canis
  • Streptococcus caprae
  • Streptococcus castoreus
  • Streptococcus constellatus
  • Streptococcus criae
  • Streptococcus criceti
  • Streptococcus cristatus
  • Streptococcus cuniculi
  • Streptococcus danieliae
  • Streptococcus dentapri
  • Streptococcus dentasini
  • Streptococcus dentirousetti
  • Streptococcus dentisani
  • Streptococcus dentisuis
  • Streptococcus devriesei
  • Streptococcus didelphis
  • Streptococcus downei
  • Streptococcus dysgalactiae group
  • Streptococcus entericus
  • Streptococcus equinus
  • Streptococcus ferus
  • Streptococcus fryi
  • Streptococcus gallinaceus
  • Streptococcus gallolyticus
  • Streptococcus gordonii
  • Streptococcus halichoeri
  • Streptococcus henryi
  • Streptococcus hongkongensis
  • Streptococcus hyointestinalis
  • Streptococcus hyovaginalis
  • Streptococcus ictaluri
  • Streptococcus infantarius
  • Streptococcus infantis
  • Streptococcus iniae
  • Streptococcus lactarius
  • Streptococcus loxodontisalivarius
  • Streptococcus lutetiensis
  • Streptococcus macacae
  • Streptococcus macedonicus
  • Streptococcus marimammalium
  • Streptococcus massiliensis
  • Streptococcus merionis
  • Streptococcus milleri
  • Streptococcus minor
  • Streptococcus mitis
  • Streptococcus moroccensis
  • Streptococcus mutans
  • Streptococcus oligofermentans
  • Streptococcus oralis
  • Streptococcus oricebi
  • Streptococcus oriloxodontae
  • Streptococcus orisasini
  • Streptococcus orisratti
  • Streptococcus orisuis
  • Streptococcus ovis
  • Streptococcus panodentis
  • Streptococcus parasanguinis
  • Streptococcus parasuis
  • Streptococcus parauberis
  • Streptococcus pasteuri
  • Streptococcus pasteurianus
  • Streptococcus peroris
  • Streptococcus phocae
  • Streptococcus pluranimalium
  • Streptococcus plurextorum
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae
  • Streptococcus porci
  • Streptococcus porcinus
  • Streptococcus porcorum
  • Streptococcus pseudopneumoniae
  • Streptococcus pseudoporcinus
  • Streptococcus pyogenes
  • Streptococcus ratti
  • Streptococcus rifensis
  • Streptococcus rubneri
  • Streptococcus rupicaprae
  • Streptococcus salivarius
  • Streptococcus saliviloxodontae
  • Streptococcus sanguinis
  • Streptococcus sciuri
  • Streptococcus seminale
  • Streptococcus sinensis
  • Streptococcus sobrinus
  • Streptococcus sp.
  • Streptococcus sp. 2011_Oral_MS_H4
  • Streptococcus sp. BS35a
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 055
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 056
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 057
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 058
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 061
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 064
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 065
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 066
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 067
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 068
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 069
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 070
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 071
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 074
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 423
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 431
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 486
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 487
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon G59
  • Streptococcus suis
  • Streptococcus tangierensis
  • Streptococcus thermophilus
  • Streptococcus thoraltensis
  • Streptococcus tigurinus
  • Streptococcus troglodytae
  • Streptococcus troglodytidis
  • Streptococcus uberis
  • Streptococcus urinalis
  • Streptococcus ursoris
  • Streptococcus vestibularis
  • Streptococcus viridans
  • environmental samples
  • INTERACTIONS
    KEGG PATHWAYS
  • 2-Oxocarboxylic acid metabolism
  • ABC transporters
  • Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism
  • Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism
  • Aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis
  • Arachidonic acid metabolism
  • Arginine and proline metabolism
  • Arginine biosynthesis
  • Bacterial secretion system
  • Base excision repair
  • Biosynthesis of amino acids
  • Biosynthesis of antibiotics
  • Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
  • Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids
  • Biotin metabolism
  • Butanoate metabolism
  • C5-Branched dibasic acid metabolism
  • Carbapenem biosynthesis
  • Carbon metabolism
  • Cationic antimicrobial peptide (CAMP) resistance
  • Chloroalkane and chloroalkene degradation
  • Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
  • Cyanoamino acid metabolism
  • Cysteine and methionine metabolism
  • D-Alanine metabolism
  • D-Glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism
  • DNA replication
  • Degradation of aromatic compounds
  • Fatty acid biosynthesis
  • Fatty acid metabolism
  • Folate biosynthesis
  • Fructose and mannose metabolism
  • Galactose metabolism
  • Glutathione metabolism
  • Glycerolipid metabolism
  • Glycerophospholipid metabolism
  • Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism
  • Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis
  • Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
  • Histidine metabolism
  • Homologous recombination
  • Inositol phosphate metabolism
  • Insulin resistance
  • Lysine biosynthesis
  • Metabolic pathways
  • Methane metabolism
  • Microbial metabolism in diverse environments
  • Mismatch repair
  • Monobactam biosynthesis
  • Naphthalene degradation
  • Nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism
  • Nitrogen metabolism
  • Nucleotide excision repair
  • One carbon pool by folate
  • Other glycan degradation
  • Oxidative phosphorylation
  • Pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis
  • Pentose and glucuronate interconversions
  • Pentose phosphate pathway
  • Peptidoglycan biosynthesis
  • Phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis
  • Phosphotransferase system (PTS)
  • Polyketide sugar unit biosynthesis
  • Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism
  • Propanoate metabolism
  • Protein export
  • Purine metabolism
  • Pyrimidine metabolism
  • Pyruvate metabolism
  • RNA degradation
  • RNA polymerase
  • Riboflavin metabolism
  • Ribosome
  • Selenocompound metabolism
  • Sphingolipid metabolism
  • Starch and sucrose metabolism
  • Streptomycin biosynthesis
  • Sulfur metabolism
  • Sulfur relay system
  • Taurine and hypotaurine metabolism
  • Terpenoid backbone biosynthesis
  • Thiamine metabolism
  • Two-component system
  • Ubiquinone and other terpenoid-quinone biosynthesis
  • Valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis
  • Valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation
  • Vancomycin resistance
  • Vitamin B6 metabolism
  • beta-Lactam resistance

  • CLUSTERS WITH
    METABOLOMICS       
    NUTRIENTS/ SUBSTRATES
  • D-Glucose

  • ENDPRODUCTS
  • Lactic acid
  • 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, Serotonin)

  • INHIBITED BY
  • Stevia
  • Aloe vera
  • Garlic (allicin)
  • Cinnamon bark oil
  • Peppermint oil
  • Hyocyamine
  • Berberine
  • Thyme oil
  • Resistant starch (type IV)
  • Lemongrass oil
  • Navy bean (Cooked)

  • ENHANCED BY
  • Proton-pump inhibitors (PPI)

  • BIOTRANSFORMS

    BIOTRANFORM

    ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE
  • Tetracycline (tetl)
  • Chloramphenicol (cata12)
  • Tetracycline (tetm)
  • Tetracycline (tet32)
  • Streptogramin b (msra)
  • Lincosamide (msra)
  • Macrolide (msra)
  • Penicillin (pbp2x)
  • Vancomycin (vanxb)
  • Vancomycin (vanyb)
  • Tetracycline (tets)
  • Paromomycin (aph3iiia)
  • Neomycin (aph3iiia)
  • Kanamycin (aph3iiia)
  • Ribostamycin (aph3iiia)
  • Lividomycin (aph3iiia)
  • Isepamicin (aph3iiia)
  • Butirosin (aph3iiia)
  • Amikacin (aph3iiia)
  • Gentamincin b (aph3iiia)
  • Tetracycline (tett)
  • Ciprofloxacin (pmra)
  • Norfloxacin (pmra)
  • Lincomycin (lnub)
  • Chloramphenicol (cata16)
  • Streptogramin b (ermt)
  • Lincosamide (ermt)
  • Macrolide (ermt)
  • Macrolide (mefa)
  • Tetracycline (teto)
  • Streptogramin b (ermb)
  • Lincosamide (ermb)
  • Macrolide (ermb)
  • Cephalosporin (bl2b_tem)
  • Penicillin (bl2b_tem)
  • Chloramphenicol (cata7)
  • Vancomycin (vanb)
  • Streptogramin b (erma)
  • Lincosamide (erma)
  • Macrolide (erma)
  • Cephalosporin ii (bl2b_tem1)
  • Penicillin (bl2b_tem1)
  • Cephalosporin i (bl2b_tem1)
  • Chloramphenicol (cata9)

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