SUBSTRATA MAIN PAGE


Bifidobacterium animalis

RANK: Species

TAXONOMY: Terrabacteria group -> Actinobacteria -> Actinobacteria -> Bifidobacteriales -> Bifidobacteriaceae -> Bifidobacterium -> Bifidobacterium animalis

OVERVIEW:

'Bifidobacterium animalis' is a Gram-positive anaerobic rod-shaped bacterium which can be found in the large intestines of most mammals, including humans. Bifidobacterium animalis and Bifidobacterium lactis were previously described as two distinct species. Presently, both are considered B. animalis with the subspecies Bifidobacterium animalis subsp animalis and Bifidobacterium animalis subsp lactis. Bifidobacterium animalis, B. longum-a, and B. pseudolongum deconjugate malonyl-, acetyl- and β-glucoside conjugates of daidzin, which are found in soy milk, to produce daidzein. These strains are also reported to transform daidzein to equol in soy milk [PMC 4381290]. Identified as a constituent of the oral microbiome by Human Oral Microbiome Database. Consumption of probiotic bacteria such as Bifidobacterium animalis subsp Lactis, Streptococcus thermophiles, Lactobacillus bulgaricus, and Lactococcus lactis subsp Lactis appeared to make study participants less prone to anxiety. B. animalis (coefficient=-0.84; 95% CI -1.61 to -0.07; P=0.03) and M. smithii (coefficient=-0.43, 95% CI -0.90 to 0.05; P=0.08) were negatively associated with the BMI. [PMID: 23459324]

This species has been identified as a resident in the human gastrointestinal tract based on the phylogenetic framework of its small subunit ribosomal RNA gene sequences.[PMC 4262072]

COGEM
COGEM released a comprehensive database of pathogenicity assessment of around 2575 bacterial species in 2011. The database ranks the pathogenicity of species on a scale of 1 to 4. Bifidobacterium animalis ranks on this scale:


TAGS
Keystone
Core species
Type species
Pathogen
Dysbiosis associated
Flora/ commensal
Gut associated
Probiotic
Leanness
Obesity
Skin microbiome
Fecal distribution
Oral microbiome
Vaginal microbiome
Butyrate producer
Catalase producer
Histamine producer
Food fermenter
Amylolytic
Propionate producer
Nitrifying
Biofilm producer
INTERACTIONS
ENHANCES
  • Bacteroidales
  • Bacteroides
  • Odoribacter
  • Roseburia
  • Peptococcaceae

  • INHIBITS
  • Bifidobacterium
  • Coriobacteriales
  • Adlercreutzia
  • Collinsella
  • Porphyromonas
  • Prevotella
  • Clostridium
  • Clostridiales incertae sedis
  • Clostridiales Family XIII. Incertae Sedis
  • Blautia
  • Coprococcus
  • Dorea
  • Lachnospiraceae
  • Ruminococcaceae
  • Ruminococcus
  • Dialister
  • Campylobacteraceae
  • Erysipelotrichaceae

  • INHIBITED BY
  • Bifidobacterium
  • Coriobacteriales
  • Adlercreutzia
  • Collinsella
  • Bacteroidales
  • Bacteroides
  • Porphyromonadaceae
  • Odoribacter
  • Parabacteroides
  • Porphyromonas
  • Prevotella
  • Rikenellaceae
  • Alistipes
  • Turicibacter
  • Streptococcus
  • Clostridiales
  • Catabacteriaceae
  • Clostridium
  • Clostridiales incertae sedis
  • Peptoniphilus
  • Clostridiales Family XIII. Incertae Sedis
  • Lachnospiraceae
  • Blautia
  • Lachnospiraceae
  • Coprococcus
  • Dorea
  • Eubacterium
  • Lachnobacterium
  • Lachnospira
  • Roseburia
  • Lachnospiraceae
  • Peptococcaceae
  • Ruminococcaceae
  • Ruminiclostridium
  • Acetivibrio
  • Eubacterium
  • Faecalibacterium
  • Oscillospira
  • Ruminococcus
  • Acidaminococcus
  • Dialister
  • Phascolarctobacterium
  • Veillonella
  • Rubrivivax
  • Alcaligenaceae
  • Oxalobacter
  • Bilophila
  • Desulfovibrio
  • Campylobacteraceae
  • Enterobacteriaceae
  • Escherichia
  • Erysipelotrichaceae
  • Erysipelotrichaceae
  • Holdemania
  • Akkermansia
  • KEGG PATHWAYS

    CLUSTERS WITH
    METABOLOMICS       
    NUTRIENTS/ SUBSTRATES
  • Ellagic acid [parent]
  • D-Glucose [parent]
  • Raffinose [parent]
  • Oxalate
  • Stachyose (soy oligosaccharide) [parent]
  • Resistant starch (type II)
  • Daidzin
  • Taraxacum officinale (dandelion root) [parent]

  • ENDPRODUCTS
  • Urolithins [parent]
  • γ-Amino butyric acid (GABA) [parent]
  • Folate [parent]
  • Daidzein
  • Biotin [parent]
  • Lactic acid [parent]

  • INHIBITED BY
  • Laminaria hyperborea (curvie) [parent]
  • Chemotherapy [parent]
  • Magnesium-deficient diet [parent]
  • Low carbohydrate diet [parent]
  • Glyphosphate [parent]
  • High fat diet [parent]
  • Ascophyllum nodosum (rockweed) [parent]
  • Berberine [parent]
  • Sucralose (Splenda) [parent]
  • Low FODMAP diet [parent]

  • ENHANCED BY
  • Red wine [parent]
  • Navy bean (Cooked) [parent]
  • Resistant starch (type III) [parent]
  • Ketogenic diet [parent]
  • Chondrus crispus (red seaweed) [parent]
  • Inulin [parent]
  • Resveratrol [parent]
  • Almonds/ almond skins [parent]
  • Sesame cake/meal [parent]
  • Green tea [parent]
  • Jerusalem artichoke [parent]
  • Fructo-oligosaccharides [parent]
  • Chicory [parent]
  • Magnesium [parent]
  • Arabinoxylans [parent]
  • Daesiho-tang (DSHT) [parent]

  • BIOTRANSFORMS
  • Daidzein [parent]
  • Linoleic acid (LA) [parent]
  • Linolenic acid (CLnA) [parent]
  • Ginsenoside Rb1 [parent]
  • Daidzein

  • BIOTRANFORM
  • Trans-11 conjugate linoleic acid (CLA) [parent]
  • Cis-9 conjugate linoleic acid (CLA) [parent]
  • Equol sulphate [parent]
  • Cis-15 conjugate linolenic acids (CLnA) [parent]
  • Cis-9 conjugate linolenic acids (CLnA) [parent]
  • Equol sulphate
  • Trans-11 conjugate linolenic acids (CLnA) [parent]
  • ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE   BIOFILM FORMERS   COGEM PATHOGENICITY   

    SUBSTRATA™ IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK ® OF DATAPUNK BIOINFORMATICS, LLC. COPYRIGHT © 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.    |    DEVELOPER BLOG     |