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Pseudomonas

RANK: Genus

TAXONOMY: cellular organisms -> Bacteria -> Proteobacteria -> Gammaproteobacteria -> Pseudomonadales -> Pseudomonadaceae -> Pseudomonas

OVERVIEW:

'Pseudomonas' is a genus of Gram-negative, aerobic gammaproteobacteria, belonging to the family Pseudomonadaceae containing 191 validly described species. The members of the genus demonstrate a great deal of metabolic diversity, and consequently are able to colonize a wide range of niches. Their ease of culture in vitro and availability of an increasing number of Pseudomonas strain genome sequences has made the genus an excellent focus for scientific research; the best studied species include Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Straight or slightly curved rods but not helical, 0.5–1.0 × 1.5–5.0 µm. Most of the species do not accumulate granules of polyhydroxybutyrate, but accumulation of polyhydroxyalkanoates of monomer lengths higher than C4 may occur when growing on alkanes or gluconate. Do not produce prosthecae and are not surrounded by sheaths. No resting stages are known. Gram negative. Motile by one or several polar flagella; rarely nonmotile. In some species lateral flagella of short wavelength may also be formed. Aerobic, having a strictly respiratory type of metabolism with oxygen as the terminal electron acceptor; in some cases nitrate can be used as an alternate electron acceptor, allowing growth to occur anaerobically. Xanthomonadins are not produced. Most, if not all, species fail to grow under acid conditions (pH 4.5 or lower). Most species do not require organic growth factors. Oxidase positive or negative. Catalase positive. Chemoorganotrophic. Strains of the species include in their composition the hydroxylated fatty acids C10:0 3OH and C12:0, and C12:0 2OH, and ubiquinone Q-9. Widely distributed in nature. Some species are pathogenic for humans, animals, or plants.The mol% G + C of the DNA is: 58–69.Type species: Pseudomonas aeruginosa

This genus contains microbial species that can reside in the human gastrointestinal tract. [PMC 4262072]



Microbial Abundance Data: Pseudomonas
(Percent of total population with standard deviation [PMID: 22698087])
Group 1
Group 2
Group 3
Group 4
Group 1 Avg
Buccal
Mucosa
Keratinized
Gingiva
Hard
Palate
Group 2 Avg
Throat
Throat
Tonsils
Saliva
Group 3 Avg
Supragingival
Plaque
Subgingival
Plaque
Stool
0.008 %
(0.036)
0.006 %
(0.023)
0.004 %
(0.035)
0.013 %
(0.050)
0.012 %
(0.064)
0.043 %
(0.237)
0.003 %
(0.009)
0.000 %
(0.001)
0.003 %
(0.011)
0.001 %
(0.008)
0.001 %
(0.005)
0.002 %
(0.012)
0.000 %
(0.004)
TAGS
Keystone
Core species
Type species
Pathogen
Dysbiosis associated
Flora/ commensal
Gut associated
Probiotic
Leanness
Obesity
Skin microbiome
Fecal distribution
Oral microbiome
Vaginal microbiome
Butyrate producer
Catalase producer
Histamine producer
Food fermenter
Amylolytic
Propionate producer
Nitrifying
Biofilm producer
DESCENDANTS
  • Candidatus Pseudomonas adelgestsugas
  • Pseudomonas abietaniphila
  • Pseudomonas acephalitica
  • Pseudomonas acetoxians
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa group
  • Pseudomonas agarici
  • Pseudomonas agarolyticus
  • Pseudomonas alcaliphila
  • Pseudomonas alginovora
  • Pseudomonas alkylphenolia
  • Pseudomonas andersonii
  • Pseudomonas antarctica
  • Pseudomonas argentinensis
  • Pseudomonas arsenicoxydans
  • Pseudomonas asplenii
  • Pseudomonas auricularis
  • Pseudomonas azotifigens
  • Pseudomonas baetica
  • Pseudomonas batumici
  • Pseudomonas bauzanensis
  • Pseudomonas benzenivorans
  • Pseudomonas blatchfordae
  • Pseudomonas borbori
  • Pseudomonas borealis
  • Pseudomonas brassicacearum
  • Pseudomonas chengduensis
  • Pseudomonas chlororaphis group
  • Pseudomonas cinnamophila
  • Pseudomonas clemancea
  • Pseudomonas collierea
  • Pseudomonas composti
  • Pseudomonas constantinii
  • Pseudomonas cremoricolorata
  • Pseudomonas cuatrocienegasensis
  • Pseudomonas deceptionensis
  • Pseudomonas delhiensis
  • Pseudomonas diterpeniphila
  • Pseudomonas duriflava
  • Pseudomonas endophytica
  • Pseudomonas entomophila
  • Pseudomonas extremaustralis
  • Pseudomonas filiscindens
  • Pseudomonas fluorescens group
  • Pseudomonas formosensis
  • Pseudomonas frederiksbergensis
  • Pseudomonas gelidicola
  • Pseudomonas gessardi
  • Pseudomonas gingeri
  • Pseudomonas graminis
  • Pseudomonas granadensis
  • Pseudomonas grimontii
  • Pseudomonas guangdongensis
  • Pseudomonas guariconensis
  • Pseudomonas guezennei
  • Pseudomonas guguanensis
  • Pseudomonas guineae
  • Pseudomonas halodenitrificans
  • Pseudomonas halophila
  • Pseudomonas helleri
  • Pseudomonas helmanticensis
  • Pseudomonas hunanensis
  • Pseudomonas hussainii
  • Pseudomonas hydrogenovora
  • Pseudomonas indica
  • Pseudomonas indoloxydans
  • Pseudomonas japonica
  • Pseudomonas jessenii
  • Pseudomonas kilonensis
  • Pseudomonas knackmussii
  • Pseudomonas koreensis
  • Pseudomonas kunmingensis
  • Pseudomonas kuykendallii
  • Pseudomonas lini
  • Pseudomonas linyingensis
  • Pseudomonas litoralis
  • Pseudomonas lurida
  • Pseudomonas lutea
  • Pseudomonas marginata
  • Pseudomonas marincola
  • Pseudomonas matsuisoli
  • Pseudomonas meridiana
  • Pseudomonas mesoacidophila
  • Pseudomonas metavorans
  • Pseudomonas mohnii
  • Pseudomonas moorei
  • Pseudomonas moraviensis
  • Pseudomonas multiaromavorans
  • Pseudomonas mutabilis
  • Pseudomonas nitritireducens
  • Pseudomonas oryzae
  • Pseudomonas otitidis
  • Pseudomonas pachastrellae
  • Pseudomonas palleroniana
  • Pseudomonas panacis
  • Pseudomonas panipatensis
  • Pseudomonas parafulva
  • Pseudomonas pavonanceae
  • Pseudomonas pelagia
  • Pseudomonas peli
  • Pseudomonas pertucinogena group
  • Pseudomonas pohangensis
  • Pseudomonas populi
  • Pseudomonas prosekii
  • Pseudomonas proteolytica
  • Pseudomonas psychrophila
  • Pseudomonas psychrotolerans
  • Pseudomonas pudica
  • Pseudomonas punonensis
  • Pseudomonas putida group
  • Pseudomonas rathonis
  • Pseudomonas reactans
  • Pseudomonas reinekei
  • Pseudomonas reptilivora
  • Pseudomonas rhizosphaerae
  • Pseudomonas sabulinigri
  • Pseudomonas sagittaria
  • Pseudomonas salegens
  • Pseudomonas salinarum
  • Pseudomonas salomonii
  • Pseudomonas saponiphila
  • Pseudomonas segetis
  • Pseudomonas seleniipraecipitans
  • Pseudomonas simiae
  • Pseudomonas soli
  • Pseudomonas songnenensis
  • Pseudomonas sp. AU12
  • Pseudomonas sp. CBMAI 1177
  • Pseudomonas sp. CGMCC 4184
  • Pseudomonas sp. GmFRB023
  • Pseudomonas sp. KB23
  • Pseudomonas sp. KVS86
  • Pseudomonas sp. MFY143
  • Pseudomonas sp. a101-18-2
  • Pseudomonas sp. a111-5
  • Pseudomonas sp. oral taxon 032
  • Pseudomonas sp. ps4-2
  • Pseudomonas stutzeri group
  • Pseudomonas syringae group
  • Pseudomonas taeanensis
  • Pseudomonas taiwanensis
  • Pseudomonas teessidea
  • Pseudomonas thermocarboxydovorans
  • Pseudomonas thermotolerans
  • Pseudomonas thivervalensis
  • Pseudomonas toyotomiensis
  • Pseudomonas trautweinii
  • Pseudomonas tropicalis
  • Pseudomonas tuomuerensis
  • Pseudomonas umsongensis
  • Pseudomonas vancouverensis
  • Pseudomonas vranovensis
  • Pseudomonas weihenstephanensis
  • Pseudomonas wisconsinensis
  • Pseudomonas xiamenensis
  • Pseudomonas xinjiangensis
  • Pseudomonas yamanorum
  • Pseudomonas zeshuii
  • Pseudomonas zhaodongensis
  • [Flavobacterium] lutescens
  • environmental samples
  • unclassified Pseudomonas
  • INTERACTIONS

    ENHANCED BY
  • Enterobacter
  • KEGG PATHWAYS
  • 2-Oxocarboxylic acid metabolism
  • ABC transporters
  • Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism
  • Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism
  • Aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis
  • Aminobenzoate degradation
  • Arachidonic acid metabolism
  • Arginine and proline metabolism
  • Arginine biosynthesis
  • Ascorbate and aldarate metabolism
  • Bacterial chemotaxis
  • Bacterial secretion system
  • Base excision repair
  • Benzoate degradation
  • Biosynthesis of amino acids
  • Biosynthesis of antibiotics
  • Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
  • Biosynthesis of siderophore group nonribosomal peptides
  • Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids
  • Biotin metabolism
  • Butanoate metabolism
  • C5-Branched dibasic acid metabolism
  • Caprolactam degradation
  • Carbapenem biosynthesis
  • Carbon metabolism
  • Cationic antimicrobial peptide (CAMP) resistance
  • Chloroalkane and chloroalkene degradation
  • Chlorocyclohexane and chlorobenzene degradation
  • Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
  • Cyanoamino acid metabolism
  • Cysteine and methionine metabolism
  • D-Alanine metabolism
  • D-Arginine and D-ornithine metabolism
  • D-Glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism
  • DNA replication
  • Degradation of aromatic compounds
  • Ether lipid metabolism
  • Fatty acid biosynthesis
  • Fatty acid degradation
  • Fatty acid metabolism
  • Flagellar assembly
  • Fluorobenzoate degradation
  • Folate biosynthesis
  • Fructose and mannose metabolism
  • Galactose metabolism
  • Geraniol degradation
  • Glutathione metabolism
  • Glycerolipid metabolism
  • Glycerophospholipid metabolism
  • Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism
  • Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis
  • Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
  • Histidine metabolism
  • Homologous recombination
  • Inositol phosphate metabolism
  • Insulin resistance
  • Limonene and pinene degradation
  • Lipoic acid metabolism
  • Lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis
  • Lysine biosynthesis
  • Lysine degradation
  • Metabolic pathways
  • Methane metabolism
  • Microbial metabolism in diverse environments
  • Mismatch repair
  • Monobactam biosynthesis
  • Naphthalene degradation
  • Nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism
  • Nitrogen metabolism
  • Nitrotoluene degradation
  • Non-homologous end-joining
  • Novobiocin biosynthesis
  • Nucleotide excision repair
  • One carbon pool by folate
  • Oxidative phosphorylation
  • Pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis
  • Pentose and glucuronate interconversions
  • Pentose phosphate pathway
  • Peptidoglycan biosynthesis
  • Phenylalanine metabolism
  • Phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis
  • Phosphonate and phosphinate metabolism
  • Phosphotransferase system (PTS)
  • Polyketide sugar unit biosynthesis
  • Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism
  • Propanoate metabolism
  • Protein export
  • Purine metabolism
  • Pyrimidine metabolism
  • Pyruvate metabolism
  • RNA degradation
  • RNA polymerase
  • Riboflavin metabolism
  • Ribosome
  • Selenocompound metabolism
  • Sphingolipid metabolism
  • Starch and sucrose metabolism
  • Streptomycin biosynthesis
  • Styrene degradation
  • Sulfur metabolism
  • Sulfur relay system
  • Synthesis and degradation of ketone bodies
  • Taurine and hypotaurine metabolism
  • Terpenoid backbone biosynthesis
  • Thiamine metabolism
  • Toluene degradation
  • Tryptophan metabolism
  • Two-component system
  • Tyrosine metabolism
  • Ubiquinone and other terpenoid-quinone biosynthesis
  • Valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis
  • Valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation
  • Vancomycin resistance
  • Vitamin B6 metabolism
  • Xylene degradation
  • alpha-Linolenic acid metabolism
  • beta-Alanine metabolism
  • beta-Lactam resistance

  • CLUSTERS WITH
    METABOLOMICS       
    NUTRIENTS/ SUBSTRATES

    ENDPRODUCTS
  • Riboflavin
  • ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE   
  • Chloramphenicol (cml_e1)
  • Astromicin (aac3ia)
  • Sisomicin (aac3ia)
  • Gentamicin (aac3ia)
  • Sulfonamide (sul1)
  • Chloramphenicol (mexf)
  • Fluoroquinolone (mexf)
  • Monobactam (bl2be_shv2)
  • E cephalosproin (bl2be_shv2)
  • Penicillin (bl2be_shv2)
  • N cephalosproin (bl2be_shv2)
  • Aminoglycoside (mexy)
  • Glycylcycline (mexy)
  • Tobramycin (aac6ib)
  • Netilmicin (aac6ib)
  • Isepamicin (aac6ib)
  • Amikacin (aac6ib)
  • Sisomicin (aac6ib)
  • Dibekacin (aac6ib)
  • Fosfomycin (fosc)
  • Tobramycin (ant2ib)
  • Sisomicin (ant2ib)
  • Kanamycin (ant2ib)
  • Gentamicin (ant2ib)
  • Dibekacin (ant2ib)
  • Streptomycin (aph6id)
  • Cloxacillin (bl2d_oxa2)
  • Penicillin (bl2d_oxa2)
  • Tetracycline (tetl)
  • Tigecycline (mexb)
  • Aminoglycoside (mexb)
  • Fluoroquinolone (mexb)
  • Beta lactam (mexb)
  • Tetracycline (mexb)
  • Tetracycline (tetm)
  • Tobramycin (aac6iib)
  • Netilmicin (aac6iib)
  • Sisomicin (aac6iib)
  • Gentamicin (aac6iib)
  • Dibekacin (aac6iib)
  • Tobramycin (aac3iii)
  • Paromomycin (aac3iii)
  • Sisomicin (aac3iii)
  • Neomycin (aac3iii)
  • Kanamycin (aac3iii)
  • Gentamicin (aac3iii)
  • Dibekacin (aac3iii)
  • Lividomycin (aac3iii)
  • Glycylcycline (oprj)
  • Fluoroquinolone (oprj)
  • Roxithromycin (oprj)
  • Erythromycin (oprj)
  • Cephalosporin (bl2_veb)
  • Penicillin (bl2_veb)
  • Monobactam (bl2be_per)
  • E cephalosproin (bl2be_per)
  • Penicillin (bl2be_per)
  • N cephalosproin (bl2be_per)
  • Cephalosproin (bl1_pao)
  • Cephalosporin ii (bl2b_tem2)
  • Penicillin (bl2b_tem2)
  • Cephalosporin i (bl2b_tem2)
  • Trimethoprim (dfra17)
  • Cephamycin (bl3_gim)
  • Cephalosporin (bl3_gim)
  • Penicillin (bl3_gim)
  • Carbapenem (bl3_gim)
  • Tigecycline (mexa)
  • Aminoglycoside (mexa)
  • Fluoroquinolone (mexa)
  • Beta lactam (mexa)
  • Tetracycline (mexa)
  • Cloxacillin (bl2d_oxa1)
  • Penicillin (bl2d_oxa1)
  • Cephalosporin (bl2_ges)
  • Penicillin (bl2_ges)
  • Cloxacillin (bl2d_oxa5)
  • Penicillin (bl2d_oxa5)
  • Tobramycin (aac3iia)
  • Netilmicin (aac3iia)
  • Sisomicin (aac3iia)
  • Gentamicin (aac3iia)
  • Dibekacin (aac3iia)
  • Chloramphenicol (catb3)
  • Cephalosporin ii (bl2b_tem1)
  • Penicillin (bl2b_tem1)
  • Cephalosporin i (bl2b_tem1)
  • Glycylcycline (mexd)
  • Fluoroquinolone (mexd)
  • Roxithromycin (mexd)
  • Erythromycin (mexd)
  • Chloramphenicol (cata1)
  • Tetracycline (tetx)
  • Cloxacillin (bl2d_oxa10)
  • Penicillin (bl2d_oxa10)
  • Spectinomycin (ant3ia)
  • Streptomycin (ant3ia)
  • Trimethoprim (dfra12)
  • Erythromycin (erea)
  • Tetracycline (tetc)
  • Tigecycline (oprm)
  • Aminoglycoside (oprm)
  • Fluoroquinolone (oprm)
  • Beta lactam (oprm)
  • Tetracycline (oprm)
  • Chloramphenicol (mexe)
  • Fluoroquinolone (mexe)
  • Tobramycin (ant2ia)
  • Sisomicin (ant2ia)
  • Kanamycin (ant2ia)
  • Gentamicin (ant2ia)
  • Dibekacin (ant2ia)
  • Chloramphenicol (catb2)
  • Trimethoprim (dfra15)
  • Streptogramin b (msra)
  • Lincosamide (msra)
  • Macrolide (msra)
  • Carbenicillin (bl2c_pse3)
  • Penicillin (bl2c_pse3)
  • Tobramycin (ant4iia)
  • Isepamicin (ant4iia)
  • Amikacin (ant4iia)
  • Cloxacillin (bl2d_lcr1)
  • Penicillin (bl2d_lcr1)
  • Cloxacillin (bl2d_oxa9)
  • Penicillin (bl2d_oxa9)
  • Trimethoprim (dfra1)
  • Cephalosporin (bl1_pse)
  • Isepamicin (aph3via)
  • Gentamicin b (aph3via)
  • Butirosin (aph3via)
  • Paromomycin (aph3via)
  • Amikacin (aph3via)
  • Neomycin (aph3via)
  • Kanamycin (aph3via)
  • Ribostamycin (aph3via)
  • Tetracycline (teta)
  • Chloramphenicol (catb4)
  • Tetracycline (tetb)
  • Tobramycin (aac6iia)
  • Netilmicin (aac6iia)
  • Sisomicin (aac6iia)
  • Gentamicin (aac6iia)
  • Dibekacin (aac6iia)
  • Cephamycin (bl3_vim)
  • Cephalosporin (bl3_vim)
  • Penicillin (bl3_vim)
  • Carbapenem (bl3_vim)
  • Tobramycin (aac3iv)
  • Netilmicin (aac3iv)
  • Sisomicin (aac3iv)
  • Gentamicin (aac3iv)
  • Dibekacin (aac3iv)
  • Apramycin (aac3iv)
  • Cephalosporin (bl2b_tem)
  • Penicillin (bl2b_tem)
  • Carbenicillin (bl2c_pse1)
  • Penicillin (bl2c_pse1)
  • Streptomycin (aph6ic)
  • Cephalosproin (bl3_imp)
  • Cephamycin (bl3_imp)
  • Penicillin (bl3_imp)
  • Carbapenem (bl3_imp)
  • Trimethoprim (dfrb2)
  • Streptomycin (aph33ib)
  • Aminoglycoside (mexx)
  • Glycylcycline (mexx)
  • Chloramphenicol (oprn)
  • Fluoroquinolone (oprn)
  • BIOFILM FORMERS   COGEM PATHOGENICITY   

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