RANK: Genus

TAXONOMY: Bacteria -> Proteobacteria -> delta/epsilon subdivisions -> Deltaproteobacteria -> Desulfovibrionales -> Desulfovibrionaceae -> Desulfovibrio


'Desulfovibrio' is a genus of Gram-negative sulfate-reducing bacteria. Desulfovibrio species are commonly found in aquatic environments with high levels of organic material, as well as in water-logged soils, and form major community members of extreme oligotrophic habitats such as deep granitic fractured rock aquifers. Like other sulfate-reducing bacteria, Desulfovibrio was long considered to be obligately anaerobic. This is not strictly correct: while growth may be limited, these bacteria can survive in O2-rich environments. These types of bacteria are known as aerotolerant. Some Desulfovibrio species have in recent years been shown to have bioremediation potential for toxic radionuclides such as uranium by a reductive bioaccumulation process. Desulfovibrio species are more common in autistic subjects than in controls. The controversial idea is that these anaerobic bacilli may actually be selected during the treatment of common childhood infections because of their resistance to antimicrobial agents such as cephalosporins. Enriched in type II diabetics.

Curved or occasionally straight rods, sometimes sigmoid or spirilloid, 0.5–1.5 × 2.5–10.0 μm. The morphology is influenced by age and environment; descriptions refer to freshly grown cultures in anoxic sulfate media. Spore formation is absent. Gram negative. Motile by means of a single or lophotrichous polar flagella. Obligately anaerobic growth in pure cultures. Possess mainly a respiratory type of metabolism with sulfate or other sulfur compounds as the terminal electron acceptors, being reduced to H2S; however, the metabolism is sometimes fermentative. Media containing a reducing agent are required for growth. In a few cases, a vitamin requirement has been reported. Some species and subspecies are moderately halophilic. Optimal growth temperature, usually 25–35°C; upper limit normally 44°C. No thermophilic species have been reported. Thermophilic Desulfovibrio species formerly described have been reclassified and currently belong to the genera Thermodesulfovibrio and Thermodesulfobacterium. Chemoorganotrophic.

Most species oxidize organic compounds such as lactate incompletely to acetate, which cannot be oxidized further. Carbohydrates are utilized by few species. One species, D. inopinatus, can use hydroquinone as electron donor and carbon source for growth. Cells contain c-type cytochromes (such as c3) and usually b-type cytochromes. All members of the genus Desulfovibrio contain desulfoviridin. Hydrogenase is usually present. Strains of some species may show chemolithoheterotrophic growth, using H2 as electron donor and assimilating acetate and CO2, or yeast extract, as carbon sources. Gelatin is not liquefied. Nitrate is sometimes reduced to ammonia. Some species can reduce oxygen or metal ions, but growth has never been observed with these electron acceptors in pure cultures. Molecular nitrogen is sometimes fixed. Species generally show some degree of antigenic cross reaction. Habitats: anoxic mud of fresh and brackish water and marine environments; intestines of animals; manure and feces. The mol% G + C of the DNA is: 46.1–61.2.Type species: Desulfovibrio desulfuricans

This genus contains microbial species that can reside in the human gastrointestinal tract. [PMC 4262072] Decreased in metabolic disorders.

Microbial Abundance Data: Desulfovibrio
(Percent of total population with standard deviation [PMID: 22698087])
Group 1
Group 2
Group 3
Group 4
Group 1 Avg
Group 2 Avg
Group 3 Avg
0.000 %
0.000 %
0.000 %
0.000 %
0.000 %
0.000 %
0.000 %
0.000 %
0.000 %
0.000 %
0.000 %
0.000 %
0.005 %
Keystone Core species Type species Pathogen Dysbiosis associated Flora/ commensal Gut associated Probiotic
Leanness Obesity Skin microbiome Fecal distribution Oral microbiome Vaginal microbiome Butyrate producer Catalase producer
Histamine producer Food fermenter Amylolytic Propionate producer Nitrifying
  • Desulfomonas oviles
  • Desulfovibrio acrylicus
  • Desulfovibrio aerotolerans
  • Desulfovibrio aespoeensis
  • Desulfovibrio africanus
  • Desulfovibrio alaskensis
  • Desulfovibrio alcoholivorans
  • Desulfovibrio alkalitolerans
  • Desulfovibrio aminophilus
  • Desulfovibrio arcticus
  • Desulfovibrio bastinii
  • Desulfovibrio biadhensis
  • Desulfovibrio bizertensis
  • Desulfovibrio brasiliensis
  • Desulfovibrio burkinensis
  • Desulfovibrio butyratiphilus
  • Desulfovibrio caledoniensis
  • Desulfovibrio capillatus
  • Desulfovibrio carbinolicus
  • Desulfovibrio carbinoliphilus
  • Desulfovibrio cavernae
  • Desulfovibrio cuneatus
  • Desulfovibrio dechloracetivorans
  • Desulfovibrio desulfuricans
  • Desulfovibrio fairfieldensis
  • Desulfovibrio ferrireducens
  • Desulfovibrio ferrophilus
  • Desulfovibrio frigidus
  • Desulfovibrio fructosivorans
  • Desulfovibrio gabonensis
  • Desulfovibrio giganteus
  • Desulfovibrio gigas
  • Desulfovibrio gracilis
  • Desulfovibrio halophilus
  • Desulfovibrio hontreensis
  • Desulfovibrio hydrothermalis
  • Desulfovibrio idahonensis
  • Desulfovibrio indonesiensis
  • Desulfovibrio inopinatus
  • Desulfovibrio intestinalis
  • Desulfovibrio lacusfryxellense
  • Desulfovibrio legallii
  • Desulfovibrio litoralis
  • Desulfovibrio longreachensis
  • Desulfovibrio longus
  • Desulfovibrio magneticus
  • Desulfovibrio marinisediminis
  • Desulfovibrio marinus
  • Desulfovibrio marrakechensis
  • Desulfovibrio mexicanus
  • Desulfovibrio multispirans
  • Desulfovibrio oceani
  • Desulfovibrio oliviopondense
  • Desulfovibrio oryzae
  • Desulfovibrio oxamicus
  • Desulfovibrio oxyclinae
  • Desulfovibrio paquesii
  • Desulfovibrio piezophilus
  • Desulfovibrio piger
  • Desulfovibrio portus
  • Desulfovibrio profundus
  • Desulfovibrio psychrotolerans
  • Desulfovibrio putealis
  • Desulfovibrio salexigens
  • Desulfovibrio senezii
  • Desulfovibrio simplex
  • Desulfovibrio singaporenus
  • Desulfovibrio sp.
  • Desulfovibrio sp. 6_1_46AFAA
  • Desulfovibrio sp. G11
  • Desulfovibrio sp. oral taxon 040
  • Desulfovibrio sulfodismutans
  • Desulfovibrio termitidis
  • Desulfovibrio tunisiensis
  • Desulfovibrio vietnamensis
  • Desulfovibrio vulgaris
  • Desulfovibrio zosterae
  • environmental samples
  • 2-Oxocarboxylic acid metabolism
  • ABC transporters
  • Acarbose and validamycin biosynthesis
  • Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism
  • Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism
  • Aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis
  • Aminobenzoate degradation
  • Arginine and proline metabolism
  • Arginine biosynthesis
  • Ascorbate and aldarate metabolism
  • Bacterial chemotaxis
  • Bacterial secretion system
  • Base excision repair
  • Biosynthesis of amino acids
  • Biosynthesis of antibiotics
  • Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
  • Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids
  • Biotin metabolism
  • Butanoate metabolism
  • C5-Branched dibasic acid metabolism
  • Carbapenem biosynthesis
  • Carbon metabolism
  • Cationic antimicrobial peptide (CAMP) resistance
  • Chloroalkane and chloroalkene degradation
  • Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
  • Cyanoamino acid metabolism
  • Cysteine and methionine metabolism
  • D-Alanine metabolism
  • D-Glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism
  • DNA replication
  • Degradation of aromatic compounds
  • Fatty acid biosynthesis
  • Fatty acid degradation
  • Fatty acid metabolism
  • Flagellar assembly
  • Folate biosynthesis
  • Fructose and mannose metabolism
  • Galactose metabolism
  • Glutathione metabolism
  • Glycerolipid metabolism
  • Glycerophospholipid metabolism
  • Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism
  • Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis
  • Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
  • Histidine metabolism
  • Homologous recombination
  • Inositol phosphate metabolism
  • Lipoic acid metabolism
  • Lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis
  • Lysine biosynthesis
  • Lysine degradation
  • Metabolic pathways
  • Methane metabolism
  • Microbial metabolism in diverse environments
  • Mismatch repair
  • Monobactam biosynthesis
  • Naphthalene degradation
  • Nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism
  • Nitrogen metabolism
  • Nitrotoluene degradation
  • Non-homologous end-joining
  • Novobiocin biosynthesis
  • Nucleotide excision repair
  • One carbon pool by folate
  • Oxidative phosphorylation
  • Pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis
  • Pentose and glucuronate interconversions
  • Pentose phosphate pathway
  • Peptidoglycan biosynthesis
  • Phenylalanine metabolism
  • Phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis
  • Phosphotransferase system (PTS)
  • Polyketide sugar unit biosynthesis
  • Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism
  • Propanoate metabolism
  • Protein export
  • Purine metabolism
  • Pyrimidine metabolism
  • Pyruvate metabolism
  • Quorum sensing00253
  • RNA degradation
  • RNA polymerase
  • Riboflavin metabolism
  • Ribosome
  • Selenocompound metabolism
  • Sesquiterpenoid and triterpenoid biosynthesis
  • Starch and sucrose metabolism
  • Streptomycin biosynthesis
  • Sulfur metabolism
  • Sulfur relay system
  • Taurine and hypotaurine metabolism
  • Terpenoid backbone biosynthesis
  • Thiamine metabolism
  • Tryptophan metabolism
  • Two-component system
  • Tyrosine metabolism
  • Ubiquinone and other terpenoid-quinone biosynthesis
  • Valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis
  • Valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation
  • Vancomycin resistance
  • Vitamin B6 metabolism
  • beta-Alanine metabolism
  • beta-Lactam resistance