Actinomyces

RANK: Genus

TAXONOMY: Bacteria -> Terrabacteria group -> Actinobacteria -> Actinobacteria -> Actinomycetales -> Actinomycetaceae -> Actinomyces

OVERVIEW:

'Actinomyces' (from Greek 'actis' ray, beam and 'mykes', fungus) is a genus of the actinobacteria class of bacteria. They are all gram-positive. Actinomyces are facultatively anaerobic (except A. meyeri, a strict anaerobe). All species grow best under anaerobic conditions. Actinomyces species may form endospores, and, while individual bacteria are rod- shaped, Actinomyces colonies form fungus-like branched networks of hyphae. The aspect of these colonies initially led to the incorrect assumption that the organism was a fungus and to the name 'Actinomyces' or ray fungus. Actinomyces are known for causing disease in humans, and for the important role they play in soil ecology. They produce a number of enzymes that help degrade organic plant material, lignin, and chitin. As such, their presence is important in the formation of compost. Some species have been found as part of the healthy vaginal microbiota. Identified as constituent of skin microbiome. [PMC2746716]

This genus contains microbial species that can reside in the human gastrointestinal tract. [PMC 4262072]


Gut associated
Skin microbiome
Beta Galactosidase
Microbial Abundance Data: Actinomyces
Percent of total population with standard deviation [PMID: 22698087]. Percentages > 1% highlighted.
Buccal
Mucosa
Keratinized
Gingiva
Hard
Palate
Throat
Tonsils
Saliva
Stool
2.389 %
(3.362)
0.645 %
(1.389)
3.973 %
(4.029)
5.490 %
(4.919)
7.793 %
(6.697)
2.425 %
(2.398)
0.028 %
(0.352)
Name
Rank
Client %
Avg %
Avg StdDev
Client StdDev
Actinomyces
genus
0.01
0.028
0.352
WNL >30%
DESCENDANTS
  • Actinomyces bovis
  • Actinomyces bowdenii
  • Actinomyces canis
  • Actinomyces cardiffensis
  • Actinomyces catuli
  • Actinomyces cf. urogenitalis M560/98/1
  • Actinomyces coleocanis
  • Actinomyces dentalis
  • Actinomyces denticolens
  • Actinomyces europaeus
  • Actinomyces funkei
  • Actinomyces georgiae
  • Actinomyces gerencseriae
  • Actinomyces graevenitzii
  • Actinomyces haliotis
  • Actinomyces hominis
  • Actinomyces hongkongensis
  • Actinomyces hordeovulneris
  • Actinomyces howellii
  • Actinomyces hyovaginalis
  • Actinomyces israelii
  • Actinomyces johnsonii
  • Actinomyces lingnae
  • Actinomyces marimammalium
  • Actinomyces massiliensis
  • Actinomyces meyeri
  • Actinomyces naeslundii
  • Actinomyces nasicola
  • Actinomyces naturae
  • Actinomyces neuii
  • Actinomyces odontolyticus
  • Actinomyces oricola
  • Actinomyces orihominis
  • Actinomyces oris
  • Actinomyces radicidentis
  • Actinomyces radingae
  • Actinomyces ruminicola
  • Actinomyces slackii
  • Actinomyces sp.
  • Actinomyces sp. 2002-2301122
  • Actinomyces sp. ICM39
  • Actinomyces sp. ICM41
  • Actinomyces sp. ICM47
  • Actinomyces sp. ICM54
  • Actinomyces sp. S4-C9
  • Actinomyces sp. S6-Spd3
  • Actinomyces sp. S8 AA1-3
  • Actinomyces sp. S9 HS-9
  • Actinomyces sp. S9 PR-21
  • Actinomyces sp. ZSY-1
  • Actinomyces sp. oral strain B19SC
  • Actinomyces sp. oral strain Hal-1065
  • Actinomyces sp. oral strain Hal-1083
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 169
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 170
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 171
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 172
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 175
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 177
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 178
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 180
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 181
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 414
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 446
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 448
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 449
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 525
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 848
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 877
  • Actinomyces sp. ph3
  • Actinomyces suimastitidis
  • Actinomyces timonensis
  • Actinomyces turicensis
  • Actinomyces urogenitalis
  • Actinomyces vaccimaxillae
  • Actinomyces viscosus
  • Actinomyces weissii
  • environmental samples
  • METABOLOMICS