Blautia

RANK: Genus

TAXONOMY: Bacteria -> Terrabacteria group -> Firmicutes -> Clostridia -> Clostridiales -> Lachnospiraceae -> Blautia

OVERVIEW:

Blautia may assist in the digestion of complex carbohydrates. An abundance of these bacteria is a strong indication of a healthy gut. Blautia levels are increased in healthy people when compared to patients with liver disease and colorectal cancer and children with diabetes. The relationship between intestinal microbiota composition and acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic blood/marrow transplantation (allo-BMT) is not well understood. Intestinal bacteria have long been thought to contribute to GVHD pathophysiology, but recent animal studies in nontransplant settings have found that anti-inflammatory effects are mediated by certain subpopulations of intestinal commensals. Hypothesizing that a more nuanced relationship may exist between the intestinal bacteria and GVHD, we evaluated the fecal bacterial composition of 64 patients 12 days after BMT. We found that increased bacterial diversity was associated with reduced GVHD-related mortality. Furthermore, harboring increased amounts of bacteria belonging to the genus Blautia was associated with reduced GVHD lethality in this cohort and was confirmed in another independent cohort of 51 patients from the same institution. Blautia abundance was also associated with improved overall survival. We evaluated the abundance of Blautia with respect to clinical factors and found that loss of Blautia was associated with treatment with antibiotics that inhibit anaerobic bacteria and receiving total parenteral nutrition for longer durations. We conclude that increased abundance of commensal bacteria belonging to the Blautia genus is associated with reduced lethal GVHD and improved overall survival. PMID: 25977230

This genus contains microbial species that can reside in the human gastrointestinal tract. [PMC 4262072]

Specific differences have been found in blood group A-secretors demonstrating that the genus Blautia is lower in the group A-secretors compared with the non-A-secretors. [PMCID: PMC5625272]


Keystone
Gut associated
Beta Galactosidase
Fecal distribution
Microbial Abundance Data: Blautia
Percent of total population with standard deviation [PMID: 22698087]. Percentages > 1% highlighted.
Buccal
Mucosa
Keratinized
Gingiva
Hard
Palate
Throat
Tonsils
Saliva
Stool
0.004 %
(0.014)
0.001 %
(0.006)
0.010 %
(0.049)
0.008 %
(0.027)
0.001 %
(0.007)
0.004 %
(0.013)
0.765 %
(0.956)
Name
Rank
Client %
Avg %
Avg StdDev
Client StdDev
Blautia
genus
8.68
0.765
0.956
+6
DESCENDANTS
INTERACTIONS
Blautia enhances growth of
  • Bacteroidales
  • Bacteroides
  • Odoribacter
  • Peptococcaceae

  • Blautia inhibits growth of
  • Adlercreutzia
  • Bifidobacterium
  • Blautia
  • Campylobacteraceae
  • Clostridiales Family XIII. Incertae Sedis
  • Clostridiales incertae sedis
  • Clostridium
  • Collinsella
  • Coprococcus
  • Coriobacteriales
  • Dialister
  • Dorea
  • Erysipelotrichaceae
  • Lachnospiraceae
  • Peptoclostridium
  • Porphyromonas
  • Prevotella
  • Ruminococcaceae
  • Ruminococcus

  • Blautia growth inhibited by
  • Acetivibrio
  • Acidaminococcus
  • Adlercreutzia
  • Akkermansia
  • Alcaligenaceae
  • Alistipes
  • Bacteroidales
  • Bacteroides
  • Bifidobacterium
  • Bilophila
  • Blautia
  • Campylobacteraceae
  • Catabacteriaceae
  • Clostridiales
  • Clostridiales Family XIII. Incertae Sedis
  • Clostridiales incertae sedis
  • Clostridium
  • Collinsella
  • Coprococcus
  • Coriobacteriales
  • Desulfovibrio
  • Dialister
  • Dorea
  • Enterobacteriaceae
  • Erysipelotrichaceae
  • Escherichia
  • Eubacterium
  • Faecalibacterium
  • Holdemania
  • Lachnobacterium
  • Lachnospira
  • Lachnospiraceae
  • Odoribacter
  • Oscillospira
  • Oxalobacter
  • Parabacteroides
  • Peptococcaceae
  • Peptoniphilus
  • Phascolarctobacterium
  • Porphyromonadaceae
  • Porphyromonas
  • Prevotella
  • Rikenellaceae
  • Roseburia
  • Rubrivivax
  • Ruminiclostridium
  • Ruminococcaceae
  • Ruminococcus
  • Streptococcus
  • Turicibacter
  • Veillonella
  • METABOLOMICS