SUBSTRATA MAIN PAGE


Staphylococcus

RANK: Genus

TAXONOMY: Bacteria -> Terrabacteria group -> Firmicutes -> Bacilli -> Bacillales -> Staphylococcaceae -> Staphylococcus

OVERVIEW:

Cells spherical, 0.5–1.5 µm in diameter, occurring singly, in pairs, in tetrads, in short chains (3–4 cells), and characteristically dividing in more than one plane to form irregular grape-like clusters. Gram-stain-positive. Nonmotile. Resting stages not produced. Cell wall contains peptidoglycan and teichoic acid. The diamino acid present in the peptidoglycan is l-lysine (peptidoglycan group A3). Usually unencapsulated or limited capsule formation.

DNA G+C content (mol%): 27–41 (Tm, Bd).

Type species: Staphylococcus aureus. Identified as constituent of skin microbiome. [PMC2746716] Identified as constitutent of skin microbiome. [PMC 2746716]

This genus contains microbial species that can reside in the human gastrointestinal tract. [PMC 4262072]



Microbial Abundance Data: Staphylococcus
(Percent of total population with standard deviation [PMID: 22698087])
Group 1
Group 2
Group 3
Group 4
Group 1 Avg
Buccal
Mucosa
Keratinized
Gingiva
Hard
Palate
Group 2 Avg
Throat
Throat
Tonsils
Saliva
Group 3 Avg
Supragingival
Plaque
Subgingival
Plaque
Stool
0.018 %
(0.127)
0.032 %
(0.307)
0.003 %
(0.011)
0.020 %
(0.064)
0.018 %
(0.073)
0.033 %
(0.127)
0.017 %
(0.058)
0.002 %
(0.008)
0.019 %
(0.098)
0.004 %
(0.016)
0.003 %
(0.012)
0.005 %
(0.020)
0.085 %
(1.111)
TAGS
Keystone
Core species
Type species
Pathogen
Dysbiosis associated
Flora/ commensal
Gut associated
Probiotic
Leanness
Obesity
Skin microbiome
Fecal distribution
Oral microbiome
Vaginal microbiome
Butyrate producer
Catalase producer
Histamine producer
Food fermenter
Amylolytic
Propionate producer
Nitrifying
Biofilm producer
DESCENDANTS
  • Staphylococcus agnetis
  • Staphylococcus argensis
  • Staphylococcus argenteus
  • Staphylococcus arlettae
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Staphylococcus auricularis
  • Staphylococcus capitis
  • Staphylococcus caprae
  • Staphylococcus carnosus
  • Staphylococcus chromogenes
  • Staphylococcus cohnii
  • Staphylococcus condimenti
  • Staphylococcus delphini
  • Staphylococcus devriesei
  • Staphylococcus epidermidis
  • Staphylococcus equorum
  • Staphylococcus faecalis
  • Staphylococcus felis
  • Staphylococcus fleurettii
  • Staphylococcus gallinarum
  • Staphylococcus haemolyticus
  • Staphylococcus hominis
  • Staphylococcus hyicus
  • Staphylococcus intermedius
  • Staphylococcus kloosii
  • Staphylococcus leei
  • Staphylococcus lentus
  • Staphylococcus lugdunensis
  • Staphylococcus lutrae
  • Staphylococcus lyticans
  • Staphylococcus massiliensis
  • Staphylococcus microti
  • Staphylococcus muscae
  • Staphylococcus nepalensis
  • Staphylococcus pasteuri
  • Staphylococcus petrasii
  • Staphylococcus pettenkoferi
  • Staphylococcus piscifermentans
  • Staphylococcus pseudintermedius
  • Staphylococcus pseudolugdunensis
  • Staphylococcus rostri
  • Staphylococcus saccharolyticus
  • Staphylococcus saprophyticus
  • Staphylococcus schleiferi
  • Staphylococcus schweitzeri
  • Staphylococcus sciuri
  • Staphylococcus simiae
  • Staphylococcus simulans
  • Staphylococcus sp.
  • Staphylococcus sp. 3348O2
  • Staphylococcus sp. C9I2
  • Staphylococcus sp. WB18-16
  • Staphylococcus sp.C10c
  • Staphylococcus sp.FZ-6
  • Staphylococcus stepanovicii
  • Staphylococcus succinus
  • Staphylococcus vitulinus
  • Staphylococcus warneri
  • Staphylococcus xylosus
  • environmental samples
  • unclassified Staphylococcus
  • INTERACTIONS
    KEGG PATHWAYS
  • 2-Oxocarboxylic acid metabolism
  • ABC transporters
  • Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism
  • Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism
  • Aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis
  • Aminobenzoate degradation
  • Arachidonic acid metabolism
  • Arginine and proline metabolism
  • Arginine biosynthesis
  • Ascorbate and aldarate metabolism
  • Bacterial invasion of epithelial cells
  • Bacterial secretion system
  • Base excision repair
  • Benzoate degradation
  • Biosynthesis of amino acids
  • Biosynthesis of antibiotics
  • Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
  • Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids
  • Biotin metabolism
  • Butanoate metabolism
  • C5-Branched dibasic acid metabolism
  • Carbon metabolism
  • Carotenoid biosynthesis
  • Cationic antimicrobial peptide (CAMP) resistance
  • Chloroalkane and chloroalkene degradation
  • Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
  • Cyanoamino acid metabolism
  • Cysteine and methionine metabolism
  • D-Alanine metabolism
  • D-Arginine and D-ornithine metabolism
  • D-Glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism
  • DNA replication
  • Degradation of aromatic compounds
  • Fatty acid biosynthesis
  • Fatty acid degradation
  • Fatty acid metabolism
  • Folate biosynthesis
  • Fructose and mannose metabolism
  • Galactose metabolism
  • Geraniol degradation
  • Glutathione metabolism
  • Glycerolipid metabolism
  • Glycerophospholipid metabolism
  • Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism
  • Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis
  • Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
  • Histidine metabolism
  • Homologous recombination
  • Inositol phosphate metabolism
  • Lipoic acid metabolism
  • Lysine biosynthesis
  • Lysine degradation
  • Metabolic pathways
  • Methane metabolism
  • Microbial metabolism in diverse environments
  • Mismatch repair
  • Monobactam biosynthesis
  • Naphthalene degradation
  • Nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism
  • Nitrogen metabolism
  • Novobiocin biosynthesis
  • Nucleotide excision repair
  • One carbon pool by folate
  • Oxidative phosphorylation
  • Pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis
  • Pentose and glucuronate interconversions
  • Pentose phosphate pathway
  • Peptidoglycan biosynthesis
  • Phenylalanine metabolism
  • Phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis
  • Phosphotransferase system (PTS)
  • Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism
  • Propanoate metabolism
  • Protein export
  • Purine metabolism
  • Pyrimidine metabolism
  • Pyruvate metabolism
  • RNA degradation
  • RNA polymerase
  • Riboflavin metabolism
  • Ribosome
  • Secondary bile acid biosynthesis
  • Selenocompound metabolism
  • Staphylococcus aureus infection
  • Starch and sucrose metabolism
  • Streptomycin biosynthesis
  • Sulfur metabolism
  • Sulfur relay system
  • Synthesis and degradation of ketone bodies
  • Taurine and hypotaurine metabolism
  • Terpenoid backbone biosynthesis
  • Thiamine metabolism
  • Tryptophan metabolism
  • Two-component system
  • Tyrosine metabolism
  • Ubiquinone and other terpenoid-quinone biosynthesis
  • Valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis
  • Valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation
  • Vancomycin resistance
  • Vitamin B6 metabolism
  • Xylene degradation
  • alpha-Linolenic acid metabolism
  • beta-Alanine metabolism
  • beta-Lactam resistance

  • CLUSTERS WITH
    METABOLOMICS       
    NUTRIENTS/ SUBSTRATES

    ENDPRODUCTS
    ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE   
  • Lincomycin (lnua)
  • Streptogramin a (vgaa)
  • Streptogramin b (ermy)
  • Lincosamide (ermy)
  • Macrolide (ermy)
  • Chloramphenicol (cml_e1)
  • Beta lactam (meca)
  • Streptogramin a (vatc)
  • Streptogramin a (vata)
  • Streptogramin b (ermc)
  • Lincosamide (ermc)
  • Macrolide (ermc)
  • Teicoplanin (vanz)
  • Paromomycin (aph3iiia)
  • Neomycin (aph3iiia)
  • Kanamycin (aph3iiia)
  • Ribostamycin (aph3iiia)
  • Lividomycin (aph3iiia)
  • Isepamicin (aph3iiia)
  • Butirosin (aph3iiia)
  • Amikacin (aph3iiia)
  • Gentamincin b (aph3iiia)
  • Vancomycin (vansa)
  • Teicoplanin (vansa)
  • Tetracycline (tetk)
  • Chloramphenicol (cml_e4)
  • Tobramycin (aac6ie)
  • Netilmicin (aac6ie)
  • Isepamicin (aac6ie)
  • Amikacin (aac6ie)
  • Sisomicin (aac6ie)
  • Dibekacin (aac6ie)
  • Trimethoprim (dfra12)
  • Streptomycin (str)
  • Macrolide (mefa)
  • Methicillin (mecr1)
  • Tobramycin (aac6ib)
  • Netilmicin (aac6ib)
  • Isepamicin (aac6ib)
  • Amikacin (aac6ib)
  • Sisomicin (aac6ib)
  • Dibekacin (aac6ib)
  • Streptogramin b (ermb)
  • Lincosamide (ermb)
  • Macrolide (ermb)
  • Vancomycin (vanya)
  • Teicoplanin (vanya)
  • Chloramphenicol (cata7)
  • Fusaric acid (fusb)
  • Vancomycin (vanra)
  • Teicoplanin (vanra)
  • Tigecycline (mepa)
  • Vancomycin (vanb)
  • Streptogramin b (erma)
  • Lincosamide (erma)
  • Macrolide (erma)
  • Penicillin (bl2a_pc)
  • Streptogramin b (vgba)
  • Qa compound (qacb)
  • Tetracycline (tetl)
  • Tetracycline (tetm)
  • Streptogramin b (msra)
  • Lincosamide (msra)
  • Macrolide (msra)
  • Berberine (qaca)
  • Qa compound (qaca)
  • Streptomycin (aad9ib)
  • Spectomycin (aad9ib)
  • Vancomycin (vana)
  • Teicoplanin (vana)
  • Tetracycline (tet38)
  • Vancomycin (vanxa)
  • Teicoplanin (vanxa)
  • Macrolide (mphc)
  • Vancomycin (vanha)
  • Teicoplanin (vanha)
  • Tetracycline (teta)
  • Streptogramin a (vatb)
  • Tobramycin (aadd)
  • Kanamycin (aadd)
  • Streptogramin b (vgbb)
  • Streptogramin a (vgab)
  • Bacitracin (bcra)
  • Bleomycin (ble)
  • Trimethoprim (dfra17)
  • Qa compound (qac)
  • Cephalosporin (bl2b_tem)
  • Penicillin (bl2b_tem)
  • Chloramphenicol (cata8)
  • Penicillin (bl2_len)
  • Chloramphenicol (cata9)
  • BIOFILM FORMERS   COGEM PATHOGENICITY   

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