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Streptococcus thermophilus

RANK: Species

TAXONOMY: Terrabacteria group -> Firmicutes -> Bacilli -> Lactobacillales -> Streptococcaceae -> Streptococcus -> Streptococcus thermophilus

OVERVIEW:

'Streptococcus salivarius subsp. thermophilus' (previous name Streptococcus thermophilus ) is a Gram-positive bacterium and a homofermentative facultative anaerobe, of the Streptococcus viridans viridans group.European Bioinformatics Institute: [http://www.ebi.ac.uk/2can/genomes/bacteria/Streptococcus_thermophilus.html Bacteria Genomes – Streptococcus Thermophilus] It tests negative for cytochrome, oxidase, and catalase, and positive for alpha-hemolytic activity. It is not motile and does not form endospores. It is also classified as a lactic acid bacterium. S. thermophilus is found in fermented milk products, and is generally used in the production of yogurt,Synonyms : Streptococcus salivarius thermophilus, Streptococcus salivarius subsp. thermophilus, NCIMB 8510, NCDO 573, LMG 6896, JCM 17834, DSM 20617, CIP 102303, CCUG 21957, ATCC 19258. Direct sub-taxa of Streptococcus thermophilus: Streptococcus thermophilus 1F8CT, Streptococcus thermophilus ASCC 1275, Streptococcus thermophilus CNCM I-1630, Streptococcus thermophilus CNRZ1066, Streptococcus thermophilus DGCC7710, Streptococcus thermophilus DSM 20617, Streptococcus thermophilus JIM 8232, Streptococcus thermophilus LMD-9, Streptococcus thermophilus LMG 18311, Streptococcus thermophilus M17PTZA496, Streptococcus thermophilus MN-ZLW-002, Streptococcus thermophilus MTCC 5460, Streptococcus thermophilus MTCC 5461, Streptococcus thermophilus MTH17CL396, Streptococcus thermophilus ND03, Streptococcus thermophilus TH1435, Streptococcus thermophilus TH1436, Streptococcus thermophilus TH1477, Streptococcus thermophilus TH982, Streptococcus thermophilus TH985   

This species has been identified as a resident in the human gastrointestinal tract based on the phylogenetic framework of its small subunit ribosomal RNA gene sequences.[PMC 4262072]

COGEM
COGEM released a comprehensive database of pathogenicity assessment of around 2575 bacterial species in 2011. The database ranks the pathogenicity of species on a scale of 1 to 4. Streptococcus thermophilus ranks on this scale:


TAGS
Keystone
Core species
Type species
Pathogen
Dysbiosis associated
Flora/ commensal
Gut associated
Probiotic
Leanness
Obesity
Skin microbiome
Fecal distribution
Oral microbiome
Vaginal microbiome
Butyrate producer
Catalase producer
Histamine producer
Food fermenter
Amylolytic
Propionate producer
Nitrifying
Biofilm producer
INTERACTIONS
KEGG PATHWAYS

CLUSTERS WITH
Group 190
  • Streptococcus thermophilus
  • Listeria innocua
  • Group 120
  • Streptococcus thermophilus
  • Lactobacillus brevis
  • Group 156
  • Streptococcus thermophilus
  • Lactobacillus sakei
  • Group 7
  • Staphylococcus epidermidis
  • Leuconostoc mesenteroides
  • Lactobacillus acidophilus
  • Lactobacillus plantarum
  • Bacillus cereus
  • Streptococcus thermophilus
  • Listeria monocytogenes
  • Pediococcus pentosaceus
  • Bacteroides fragilis
  • Staphylococcus saprophyticus
  • Clostridium perfringens
  • Listeria innocua
  • Corynebacterium jeikeium
  • Lactobacillus sakei
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Streptococcus sanguinis
  • Streptococcus pyogenes
  • Lactobacillus casei
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Lactobacillus brevis
  • Enterococcus faecalis
  • Streptococcus agalactiae
  • Fusobacterium nucleatum
  • Lactococcus lactis
  • Streptococcus gordonii
  • Staphylococcus haemolyticus
  • Group 2
  • Leuconostoc mesenteroides
  • Lactobacillus salivarius
  • Lactobacillus acidophilus
  • Bifidobacterium adolescentis
  • Lactobacillus plantarum
  • Streptococcus thermophilus
  • Oenococcus oeni
  • Listeria monocytogenes
  • Lactobacillus gasseri
  • Chloroflexus aurantiacus
  • Bacillus pumilus
  • Pediococcus pentosaceus
  • Bacillus licheniformis
  • Listeria innocua
  • Lactobacillus sakei
  • Clostridium acetobutylicum
  • Bifidobacterium longum
  • Lactobacillus johnsonii
  • Lactobacillus brevis
  • Lactococcus lactis
  • Streptococcus gordonii
  • Lactobacillus delbrueckii
  • Group 184
  • Streptococcus thermophilus
  • Lactobacillus delbrueckii
  • Group 15
  • Streptococcus mutans
  • Leuconostoc mesenteroides
  • Lactobacillus salivarius
  • Lactobacillus johnsonii
  • Streptococcus thermophilus
  • Oenococcus oeni
  • Listeria monocytogenes
  • Lactobacillus brevis
  • Hahella chejuensis
  • Pediococcus pentosaceus
  • Listeria innocua
  • Lactobacillus delbrueckii
  • Lactobacillus sakei
  • Group 4
  • Streptococcus mutans
  • Leuconostoc mesenteroides
  • Lactobacillus salivarius
  • Lactobacillus acidophilus
  • Bifidobacterium adolescentis
  • Streptococcus thermophilus
  • Lactobacillus gasseri
  • Pediococcus pentosaceus
  • Clostridium perfringens
  • Listeria innocua
  • Lactobacillus sakei
  • Bifidobacterium longum
  • Lactobacillus johnsonii
  • Streptococcus sanguinis
  • Lactobacillus casei
  • Lactobacillus brevis
  • Streptococcus gordonii
  • Lactobacillus delbrueckii
  • Group 173
  • Lactobacillus johnsonii
  • Streptococcus thermophilus
  • Group 56
  • Bifidobacterium adolescentis
  • Lactobacillus johnsonii
  • Bifidobacterium longum
  • Clostridium beijerinckii
  • Streptococcus thermophilus
  • Lactobacillus gasseri
  • Leifsonia xyli
  • Group 178
  • Streptococcus thermophilus
  • Lactobacillus gasseri
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