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Streptococcus mutans

RANK: Species

TAXONOMY: Terrabacteria group -> Firmicutes -> Bacilli -> Lactobacillales -> Streptococcaceae -> Streptococcus -> Streptococcus mutans

OVERVIEW:

Belongs to a phenotypic group called the mutans streptococci which include S. sobrinus, S. ferus, S. cricetus, S. rattus and serotype 'h' [4]. Phylogenetically distinct from other species of Streptococcus.Colonies are whitish about 0.5 to 1 mm that stick to the agar. When media is supplemented with sucrose, puddles of liquid (e.g., soluble extracellular polysaccharide) surround the colonies.Commonly detected o­n human teeth in supragingival plaque, and usually associated with caries. Has been isolated from human feces.Strong association with human dental caries, considered the primary cause of caries, although caries can occur in the absence of S. mutans. Also associated with endodontic lesions, odontogenic infections, infectious endocarditis and cardiovascular disease [2]Is carogenic in experimental animals (rats, hamsters, gerbils, mice and monkey.Vaccines which target S. mutans are being developed to prevent caries formation [1].Identified as a constituent of the oral microbiome by Human Oral Microbiome Database. Identified as constituent of vaginal microbiome. [PMID:23282177]

This species has been identified as a resident in the human gastrointestinal tract based on the phylogenetic framework of its small subunit ribosomal RNA gene sequences.[PMC 4262072]

COGEM
COGEM released a comprehensive database of pathogenicity assessment of around 2575 bacterial species in 2011. The database ranks the pathogenicity of species on a scale of 1 to 4. Streptococcus mutans ranks on this scale:


TAGS >
Keystone
Core species
Type species
Pathogen
Dysbiosis associated
Flora/ commensal
Gut associated
Probiotic
Leanness
Obesity
Skin microbiome
Fecal distribution
Oral microbiome
Vaginal microbiome
Butyrate producer
Catalase producer
Histamine producer
Food fermenter
Amylolytic
Propionate producer
Nitrifying
Biofilm producer
INTERACTIONS
KEGG PATHWAYS

CLUSTERS WITH
Group 149
  • Streptococcus mutans
  • Lactobacillus salivarius
  • Group 22
  • Streptococcus mutans
  • Lactobacillus salivarius
  • Porphyromonas gingivalis
  • Streptococcus sanguinis
  • Streptococcus pyogenes
  • Treponema denticola
  • Streptococcus gordonii
  • Streptococcus suis
  • Gramella forsetii
  • Group 4
  • Streptococcus mutans
  • Leuconostoc mesenteroides
  • Lactobacillus salivarius
  • Lactobacillus acidophilus
  • Bifidobacterium adolescentis
  • Streptococcus thermophilus
  • Lactobacillus gasseri
  • Pediococcus pentosaceus
  • Clostridium perfringens
  • Listeria innocua
  • Lactobacillus sakei
  • Bifidobacterium longum
  • Lactobacillus johnsonii
  • Streptococcus sanguinis
  • Lactobacillus casei
  • Lactobacillus brevis
  • Streptococcus gordonii
  • Lactobacillus delbrueckii
  • Group 47
  • Streptococcus mutans
  • Porphyromonas gingivalis
  • Streptococcus sanguinis
  • Treponema denticola
  • Campylobacter concisus
  • Fusobacterium nucleatum
  • Streptococcus gordonii
  • Campylobacter curvus
  • Propionibacterium acnes
  • Group 15
  • Streptococcus mutans
  • Leuconostoc mesenteroides
  • Lactobacillus salivarius
  • Lactobacillus johnsonii
  • Streptococcus thermophilus
  • Oenococcus oeni
  • Listeria monocytogenes
  • Lactobacillus brevis
  • Hahella chejuensis
  • Pediococcus pentosaceus
  • Listeria innocua
  • Lactobacillus delbrueckii
  • Lactobacillus sakei
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