SUBSTRATA MAIN PAGE


Actinomyces

RANK: Genus

TAXONOMY: Bacteria -> Terrabacteria group -> Actinobacteria -> Actinobacteria -> Actinomycetales -> Actinomycetaceae -> Actinomyces

OVERVIEW:

'Actinomyces' (from Greek 'actis' ray, beam and 'mykes', fungus) is a genus of the actinobacteria class of bacteria. They are all gram-positive. Actinomyces are facultatively anaerobic (except A. meyeri, a strict anaerobe). All species grow best under anaerobic conditions. Actinomyces species may form endospores, and, while individual bacteria are rod- shaped, Actinomyces colonies form fungus-like branched networks of hyphae. The aspect of these colonies initially led to the incorrect assumption that the organism was a fungus and to the name 'Actinomyces' or ray fungus. Actinomyces are known for causing disease in humans, and for the important role they play in soil ecology. They produce a number of enzymes that help degrade organic plant material, lignin, and chitin. As such, their presence is important in the formation of compost. Some species have been found as part of the healthy vaginal microbiota. Identified as constituent of skin microbiome. [PMC2746716]

This genus contains microbial species that can reside in the human gastrointestinal tract. [PMC 4262072]



Microbial Abundance Data: Actinomyces
(Percent of total population with standard deviation [PMID: 22698087])
Group 1
Group 2
Group 3
Group 4
Group 1 Avg
Buccal
Mucosa
Keratinized
Gingiva
Hard
Palate
Group 2 Avg
Throat
Throat
Tonsils
Saliva
Group 3 Avg
Supragingival
Plaque
Subgingival
Plaque
Stool
2.336 %
(2.927)
2.389 %
(3.362)
0.645 %
(1.389)
3.973 %
(4.029)
5.029 %
(4.611)
5.490 %
(4.919)
4.407 %
(4.430)
7.793 %
(6.697)
2.425 %
(2.398)
8.424 %
(8.814)
9.053 %
(8.704)
7.795 %
(8.924)
0.028 %
(0.352)
TAGS
Keystone
Core species
Type species
Pathogen
Dysbiosis associated
Flora/ commensal
Gut associated
Probiotic
Leanness
Obesity
Skin microbiome
Fecal distribution
Oral microbiome
Vaginal microbiome
Butyrate producer
Catalase producer
Histamine producer
Food fermenter
Amylolytic
Propionate producer
Nitrifying
Biofilm producer
DESCENDANTS
  • Actinomyces bovis
  • Actinomyces bowdenii
  • Actinomyces canis
  • Actinomyces cardiffensis
  • Actinomyces catuli
  • Actinomyces cf. urogenitalis M560/98/1
  • Actinomyces coleocanis
  • Actinomyces dentalis
  • Actinomyces denticolens
  • Actinomyces europaeus
  • Actinomyces funkei
  • Actinomyces georgiae
  • Actinomyces gerencseriae
  • Actinomyces graevenitzii
  • Actinomyces haliotis
  • Actinomyces hominis
  • Actinomyces hongkongensis
  • Actinomyces hordeovulneris
  • Actinomyces howellii
  • Actinomyces hyovaginalis
  • Actinomyces israelii
  • Actinomyces johnsonii
  • Actinomyces lingnae
  • Actinomyces marimammalium
  • Actinomyces massiliensis
  • Actinomyces meyeri
  • Actinomyces naeslundii
  • Actinomyces nasicola
  • Actinomyces naturae
  • Actinomyces neuii
  • Actinomyces odontolyticus
  • Actinomyces oricola
  • Actinomyces orihominis
  • Actinomyces oris
  • Actinomyces radicidentis
  • Actinomyces radingae
  • Actinomyces ruminicola
  • Actinomyces slackii
  • Actinomyces sp.
  • Actinomyces sp. 2002-2301122
  • Actinomyces sp. ICM39
  • Actinomyces sp. ICM41
  • Actinomyces sp. ICM47
  • Actinomyces sp. ICM54
  • Actinomyces sp. S4-C9
  • Actinomyces sp. S6-Spd3
  • Actinomyces sp. S8 AA1-3
  • Actinomyces sp. S9 HS-9
  • Actinomyces sp. S9 PR-21
  • Actinomyces sp. ZSY-1
  • Actinomyces sp. oral strain B19SC
  • Actinomyces sp. oral strain Hal-1065
  • Actinomyces sp. oral strain Hal-1083
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 169
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 170
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 171
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 172
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 175
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 177
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 178
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 180
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 181
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 414
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 446
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 448
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 449
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 525
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 848
  • Actinomyces sp. oral taxon 877
  • Actinomyces sp. ph3
  • Actinomyces suimastitidis
  • Actinomyces timonensis
  • Actinomyces turicensis
  • Actinomyces urogenitalis
  • Actinomyces vaccimaxillae
  • Actinomyces viscosus
  • Actinomyces weissii
  • environmental samples
  • INTERACTIONS
    KEGG PATHWAYS
  • 2-Oxocarboxylic acid metabolism
  • ABC transporters
  • Acarbose and validamycin biosynthesis
  • Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism
  • Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism
  • Aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis
  • Arginine and proline metabolism
  • Arginine biosynthesis
  • Bacterial secretion system
  • Base excision repair
  • Biosynthesis of amino acids
  • Biosynthesis of antibiotics
  • Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
  • Biotin metabolism
  • Butanoate metabolism
  • C5-Branched dibasic acid metabolism
  • Carbapenem biosynthesis
  • Carbon metabolism
  • Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
  • Cyanoamino acid metabolism
  • Cysteine and methionine metabolism
  • D-Alanine metabolism
  • D-Glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism
  • DNA replication
  • Fatty acid biosynthesis
  • Fatty acid metabolism
  • Folate biosynthesis
  • Fructose and mannose metabolism
  • Galactose metabolism
  • Glutathione metabolism
  • Glycerolipid metabolism
  • Glycerophospholipid metabolism
  • Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism
  • Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis
  • Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
  • Homologous recombination
  • Lipoic acid metabolism
  • Lysine biosynthesis
  • Lysine degradation
  • Metabolic pathways
  • Methane metabolism
  • Microbial metabolism in diverse environments
  • Mismatch repair
  • Monobactam biosynthesis
  • Nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism
  • Nitrogen metabolism
  • Nucleotide excision repair
  • One carbon pool by folate
  • Other glycan degradation
  • Oxidative phosphorylation
  • Pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis
  • Pentose and glucuronate interconversions
  • Pentose phosphate pathway
  • Peptidoglycan biosynthesis
  • Phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis
  • Phosphotransferase system (PTS)
  • Polyketide sugar unit biosynthesis
  • Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism
  • Propanoate metabolism
  • Protein export
  • Purine metabolism
  • Pyrimidine metabolism
  • Pyruvate metabolism
  • Quorum sensing00253
  • RNA degradation
  • RNA polymerase
  • Riboflavin metabolism
  • Ribosome
  • Selenocompound metabolism
  • Sphingolipid metabolism
  • Starch and sucrose metabolism
  • Streptomycin biosynthesis
  • Sulfur metabolism
  • Sulfur relay system
  • Taurine and hypotaurine metabolism
  • Terpenoid backbone biosynthesis
  • Thiamine metabolism
  • Two-component system
  • Ubiquinone and other terpenoid-quinone biosynthesis
  • Valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis
  • Valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation
  • Vancomycin resistance
  • Vitamin B6 metabolism
  • beta-Alanine metabolism
  • beta-Lactam resistance

  • CLUSTERS WITH
    METABOLOMICS       
    NUTRIENTS/ SUBSTRATES

    ENDPRODUCTS
    ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE   
    BIOFILM FORMERS   COGEM PATHOGENICITY   

    SUBSTRATA ™ IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK ® OF DATAPUNK BIOINFORMATICS, LLC. COPYRIGHT © 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.    |    DEVELOPER BLOG     |