SUBSTRATA MAIN PAGE


Arthrobacter

RANK: Genus

TAXONOMY: Bacteria -> Terrabacteria group -> Actinobacteria -> Actinobacteria -> Micrococcales -> Micrococcaceae -> Arthrobacter

OVERVIEW:

Identified as constituent of skin microbiome. [PMC2746716] The majority of species exhibit a marked rod–coccus growth cycle when grown in complex media; stationary-phase cultures (generally after 2–7 d) are composed entirely or largely of coccoid cells that are 0.6–1.0 µm in diameter; some species are showing only spherical cells throughout the growth cycle. Fatty acids are predominantly iso- and anteiso-branched with C15:0 anteiso, C15:0 iso, C17:0 anteiso, and C16:0 iso predominating. Few species exhibit significant amounts of C16:0. Quinone system is composed of completely unsaturated or mono-saturated menaquinones with chain lengths of eight to ten isoprenoic units. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contains the diagnostic diamino acid lysine with several variations in the interpeptide bridge conforming to peptidoglycan type A3α or A4α.

DNA G+C content (mol%): 55–72.

Type species: Arthrobacter globiformis

This genus contains microbial species that can reside in the human gastrointestinal tract. [PMC 4262072]



Microbial Abundance Data: Arthrobacter
(Percent of total population with standard deviation [PMID: 22698087])
Group 1
Group 2
Group 3
Group 4
Group 1 Avg
Buccal
Mucosa
Keratinized
Gingiva
Hard
Palate
Group 2 Avg
Throat
Throat
Tonsils
Saliva
Group 3 Avg
Supragingival
Plaque
Subgingival
Plaque
Stool
0.000 %
(0.001)
0.000 %
(0.001)
0.000 %
(0.000)
0.000 %
(0.001)
0.000 %
(0.003)
0.001 %
(0.009)
0.000 %
(0.001)
0.000 %
(0.000)
0.000 %
(0.002)
0.000 %
(0.000)
0.000 %
(0.000)
0.000 %
(0.000)
0.000 %
(0.000)
TAGS
Keystone
Core species
Type species
Pathogen
Dysbiosis associated
Flora/ commensal
Gut associated
Probiotic
Leanness
Obesity
Skin microbiome
Fecal distribution
Oral microbiome
Vaginal microbiome
Butyrate producer
Catalase producer
Histamine producer
Food fermenter
Amylolytic
Propionate producer
Nitrifying
Biofilm producer
DESCENDANTS
  • Arthrobacter agilis
  • Arthrobacter albus
  • Arthrobacter alkaliphilus
  • Arthrobacter alpinus
  • Arthrobacter antarcticus
  • Arthrobacter ardleyensis
  • Arthrobacter arilaitensis
  • Arthrobacter arilaitensis GMPA29
  • Arthrobacter aurescens
  • Arthrobacter aureus
  • Arthrobacter bambusae
  • Arthrobacter bergerei
  • Arthrobacter boritolerans
  • Arthrobacter casei
  • Arthrobacter castelli
  • Arthrobacter chlorophenolicus
  • Arthrobacter citreus
  • Arthrobacter creatinolyticus
  • Arthrobacter cryoconiti
  • Arthrobacter cryotolerans
  • Arthrobacter crystallopoietes
  • Arthrobacter cumminsii
  • Arthrobacter cupressi
  • Arthrobacter davidanieli
  • Arthrobacter defluvii
  • Arthrobacter deserti
  • Arthrobacter dextranolyticus
  • Arthrobacter echini
  • Arthrobacter enclensis
  • Arthrobacter equi
  • Arthrobacter flavus
  • Arthrobacter gandavensis
  • Arthrobacter gangotriensis
  • Arthrobacter ginsengisoli
  • Arthrobacter glacialis
  • Arthrobacter globiformis
  • Arthrobacter gyeryongensis
  • Arthrobacter halodurans
  • Arthrobacter histidinolovorans
  • Arthrobacter humicola
  • Arthrobacter ilicis
  • Arthrobacter kerguelensis
  • Arthrobacter keyseri
  • Arthrobacter koreensis
  • Arthrobacter liuii
  • Arthrobacter livingstonensis
  • Arthrobacter luteolus
  • Arthrobacter methylotrophus
  • Arthrobacter monumenti
  • Arthrobacter mysorens
  • Arthrobacter nanjingensis
  • Arthrobacter nasiphocae
  • Arthrobacter nicotianae
  • Arthrobacter nicotinovorans
  • Arthrobacter niigatensis
  • Arthrobacter nitroguajacolicus
  • Arthrobacter nitrophenolicus
  • Arthrobacter oryzae
  • Arthrobacter oxydans
  • Arthrobacter parietis
  • Arthrobacter pascens
  • Arthrobacter phenanthrenivorans
  • Arthrobacter photogonimos
  • Arthrobacter pigmenti
  • Arthrobacter pityocampae
  • Arthrobacter polychromogenes
  • Arthrobacter protophormiae
  • Arthrobacter psychrochitiniphilus
  • Arthrobacter psychrolactophilus
  • Arthrobacter psychrophenolicus
  • Arthrobacter ramosus
  • Arthrobacter rhombi
  • Arthrobacter roseus
  • Arthrobacter russicus
  • Arthrobacter sanguinis
  • Arthrobacter scleromae
  • Arthrobacter siccitolerans
  • Arthrobacter soli
  • Arthrobacter sp.
  • Arthrobacter sp. 4-2
  • Arthrobacter sp. F7
  • Arthrobacter sp.E63
  • Arthrobacter stackebrandtii
  • Arthrobacter subterraneus
  • Arthrobacter sulfonivorans
  • Arthrobacter sulfureus
  • Arthrobacter tecti
  • Arthrobacter tumbae
  • Arthrobacter uratoxydans
  • Arthrobacter ureafaciens
  • Arthrobacter viscosus
  • Arthrobacter woluwensis
  • environmental samples
  • unclassified Arthrobacter
  • INTERACTIONS
    KEGG PATHWAYS
  • 2-Oxocarboxylic acid metabolism
  • ABC transporters
  • Acarbose and validamycin biosynthesis
  • Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism
  • Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism
  • Aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis
  • Aminobenzoate degradation
  • Arachidonic acid metabolism
  • Arginine and proline metabolism
  • Arginine biosynthesis
  • Ascorbate and aldarate metabolism
  • Atrazine degradation
  • Bacterial secretion system
  • Base excision repair
  • Benzoate degradation
  • Biosynthesis of amino acids
  • Biosynthesis of antibiotics
  • Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
  • Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids
  • Biotin metabolism
  • Butanoate metabolism
  • C5-Branched dibasic acid metabolism
  • Caprolactam degradation
  • Carbapenem biosynthesis
  • Carbon metabolism
  • Carotenoid biosynthesis
  • Chloroalkane and chloroalkene degradation
  • Chlorocyclohexane and chlorobenzene degradation
  • Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
  • Cyanoamino acid metabolism
  • Cysteine and methionine metabolism
  • D-Alanine metabolism
  • D-Glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism
  • DNA replication
  • Degradation of aromatic compounds
  • Fatty acid biosynthesis
  • Fatty acid degradation
  • Fatty acid metabolism
  • Fluorobenzoate degradation
  • Folate biosynthesis
  • Fructose and mannose metabolism
  • Galactose metabolism
  • Geraniol degradation
  • Glutathione metabolism
  • Glycerolipid metabolism
  • Glycerophospholipid metabolism
  • Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism
  • Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis
  • Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
  • Histidine metabolism
  • Homologous recombination
  • Inositol phosphate metabolism
  • Limonene and pinene degradation
  • Lipoic acid metabolism
  • Lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis
  • Lysine biosynthesis
  • Lysine degradation
  • Metabolic pathways
  • Methane metabolism
  • Microbial metabolism in diverse environments
  • Mismatch repair
  • Monobactam biosynthesis
  • Naphthalene degradation
  • Nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism
  • Nitrogen metabolism
  • Non-homologous end-joining
  • Novobiocin biosynthesis
  • Nucleotide excision repair
  • One carbon pool by folate
  • Other glycan degradation
  • Oxidative phosphorylation
  • Pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis
  • Penicillin and cephalosporin biosynthesis
  • Pentose and glucuronate interconversions
  • Pentose phosphate pathway
  • Peptidoglycan biosynthesis
  • Phenylalanine metabolism
  • Phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis
  • Phosphotransferase system (PTS)
  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon degradation
  • Polyketide sugar unit biosynthesis
  • Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism
  • Propanoate metabolism
  • Proteasome
  • Protein export
  • Purine metabolism
  • Pyrimidine metabolism
  • Pyruvate metabolism
  • Quorum sensing00253
  • RNA degradation
  • RNA polymerase
  • Riboflavin metabolism
  • Ribosome
  • Selenocompound metabolism
  • Sphingolipid metabolism
  • Starch and sucrose metabolism
  • Streptomycin biosynthesis
  • Styrene degradation
  • Sulfur metabolism
  • Sulfur relay system
  • Synthesis and degradation of ketone bodies
  • Taurine and hypotaurine metabolism
  • Terpenoid backbone biosynthesis
  • Thiamine metabolism
  • Toluene degradation
  • Tryptophan metabolism
  • Two-component system
  • Tyrosine metabolism
  • Ubiquinone and other terpenoid-quinone biosynthesis
  • Valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis
  • Valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation
  • Vancomycin resistance
  • Vitamin B6 metabolism
  • Xylene degradation
  • alpha-Linolenic acid metabolism
  • beta-Alanine metabolism
  • beta-Lactam resistance

  • CLUSTERS WITH
    Group 87
  • Hahella chejuensis
  • Arthrobacter aurescens
  • Marinobacter aquaeolei
  • Arthrobacter
  • Group 11
  • Xanthobacter autotrophicus
  • Nocardioides
  • Pseudomonas syringae
  • Arthrobacter
  • Pseudomonas mendocina
  • Rhodococcus
  • Ralstonia eutropha
  • Burkholderia cepacia
  • Mycobacterium
  • Acinetobacter
  • Alcanivorax borkumensis
  • Burkholderia
  • Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus
  • Polaromonas naphthalenivorans
  • Vibrio fischeri
  • Acidovorax
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Pseudomonas putida
  • Pseudomonas fluorescens
  • Caulobacter crescentus
  • Serratia proteamaculans
  • Group 169
  • Arthrobacter
  • Acinetobacter
  • Group 37
  • Burkholderia
  • Burkholderia vietnamiensis
  • Azoarcus
  • Parvibaculum lavamentivorans
  • Burkholderia cenocepacia
  • Arthrobacter
  • Acidovorax
  • Rhodococcus
  • Mesorhizobium
  • Sphingomonas wittichii
  • Marinomonas
  • Acinetobacter
  • Group 43
  • Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus
  • Escherichia coli
  • Pseudomonas syringae
  • Arthrobacter
  • Pseudomonas mendocina
  • Aeromonas hydrophila
  • Erwinia carotovora
  • Pseudomonas fluorescens
  • Listeria innocua
  • Acinetobacter
  • Group 44
  • Zymomonas mobilis
  • Corynebacterium diphtheriae
  • Corynebacterium glutamicum
  • Corynebacterium efficiens
  • Staphylococcus haemolyticus
  • Corynebacterium jeikeium
  • Arthrobacter
  • METABOLOMICS       
    NUTRIENTS/ SUBSTRATES

    ENDPRODUCTS
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