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Rhodococcus

RANK: Genus

TAXONOMY: Bacteria -> Terrabacteria group -> Actinobacteria -> Actinobacteria -> Corynebacteriales -> Nocardiaceae -> Rhodococcus

OVERVIEW:

Aerobic, Gram-stain-positive to Gram-stain-variable, nonmotile actinomycetes that are usually partially acid–alcohol-fast at some stage of the growth cycle. Rods to extensively branched substrate mycelium may be formed. In all strains the growth cycle begins with the coccus or short rod stage, with different organisms showing a succession of more or less complex morphological stages by which the completion of the cycle is achieved. Cocci may germinate into short rods, form filaments with side projections, show elementary branching, or, in the most differentiated forms, produce extensively branched hyphae. The next generation of cocci and short rods are formed by fragmentation of the rods, filaments, and hyphae. Some strains form sparse microscopically visible aerial hyphae, which may be branched, or aerial synnemata consisting of unbranched filaments that coalesce and project upwards. Colonies may be rough, smooth, or mucoid and pigmented buff, cream, orange, red, or yellow, although colorless variants occur. Chemo-organotrophic with an oxidative type of metabolism. Catalase-positive, arylsulfatase-negative, and sensitive to lysozyme. Most strains grow well on standard media between 15 and 40°C, and use a wide range of organic compounds as sole sources of carbon for energy and growth.

DNA G+C content (mol%): 63–73 (HPLC, Tm).

Type species: Rhodococcus rhodochrous

This genus contains microbial species that can reside in the human gastrointestinal tract. [PMC 4262072]



Microbial Abundance Data: Rhodococcus
(Percent of total population with standard deviation [PMID: 22698087])
Group 1
Group 2
Group 3
Group 4
Group 1 Avg
Buccal
Mucosa
Keratinized
Gingiva
Hard
Palate
Group 2 Avg
Throat
Throat
Tonsils
Saliva
Group 3 Avg
Supragingival
Plaque
Subgingival
Plaque
Stool
0.000 %
(0.002)
0.001 %
(0.004)
0.000 %
(0.000)
0.000 %
(0.001)
0.000 %
(0.002)
0.001 %
(0.009)
0.000 %
(0.000)
0.000 %
(0.000)
0.000 %
(0.000)
0.000 %
(0.000)
0.000 %
(0.001)
0.000 %
(0.000)
0.000 %
(0.000)
TAGS
Keystone
Core species
Type species
Pathogen
Dysbiosis associated
Flora/ commensal
Gut associated
Probiotic
Leanness
Obesity
Skin microbiome
Fecal distribution
Oral microbiome
Vaginal microbiome
Butyrate producer
Catalase producer
Histamine producer
Food fermenter
Amylolytic
Propionate producer
Nitrifying
Biofilm producer
DESCENDANTS
  • Rhodococcus aerolatus
  • Rhodococcus aetherivorans
  • Rhodococcus artemisiae
  • Rhodococcus australis
  • Rhodococcus baikonurensis
  • Rhodococcus biphenylivorans
  • Rhodococcus boritolerans
  • Rhodococcus canchipurensis
  • Rhodococcus cerastii
  • Rhodococcus cercidiphylli
  • Rhodococcus cercidyphilli
  • Rhodococcus coprophilus
  • Rhodococcus corynebacterioides
  • Rhodococcus defluvii
  • Rhodococcus degradans
  • Rhodococcus enclensis
  • Rhodococcus equi
  • Rhodococcus erythropolis
  • Rhodococcus fascians
  • Rhodococcus globerulus
  • Rhodococcus gordoniae
  • Rhodococcus imtechensis
  • Rhodococcus indicum
  • Rhodococcus jialingiae
  • Rhodococcus jostii
  • Rhodococcus koreensis
  • Rhodococcus kroppenstedtii
  • Rhodococcus kunmingensis
  • Rhodococcus kyotonensis
  • Rhodococcus lactis
  • Rhodococcus maanshanensis
  • Rhodococcus marinonascens
  • Rhodococcus nanhaiensis
  • Rhodococcus opacus
  • Rhodococcus percolatus
  • Rhodococcus phenolicus
  • Rhodococcus polyvorum
  • Rhodococcus pyridinivorans
  • Rhodococcus qingshengii
  • Rhodococcus rhodnii
  • Rhodococcus rhodochrous
  • Rhodococcus ruber
  • Rhodococcus soli
  • Rhodococcus sp.
  • Rhodococcus sp. MARG10
  • Rhodococcus triatomae
  • Rhodococcus trifolii
  • Rhodococcus tukisamuensis
  • Rhodococcus wratislaviensis
  • Rhodococcus yunnanensis
  • Rhodococcus zopfii
  • environmental samples
  • unclassified Rhodococcus
  • INTERACTIONS
    KEGG PATHWAYS
  • 2-Oxocarboxylic acid metabolism
  • ABC transporters
  • Acarbose and validamycin biosynthesis
  • Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism
  • Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism
  • Aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis
  • Aminobenzoate degradation
  • Arachidonic acid metabolism
  • Arginine and proline metabolism
  • Arginine biosynthesis
  • Ascorbate and aldarate metabolism
  • Atrazine degradation
  • Bacterial secretion system
  • Base excision repair
  • Benzoate degradation
  • Biosynthesis of amino acids
  • Biosynthesis of antibiotics
  • Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
  • Biosynthesis of siderophore group nonribosomal peptides
  • Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids
  • Biotin metabolism
  • Butanoate metabolism
  • C5-Branched dibasic acid metabolism
  • Caprolactam degradation
  • Carbapenem biosynthesis
  • Carbon metabolism
  • Carotenoid biosynthesis
  • Cationic antimicrobial peptide (CAMP) resistance
  • Chloroalkane and chloroalkene degradation
  • Chlorocyclohexane and chlorobenzene degradation
  • Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
  • Cyanoamino acid metabolism
  • Cysteine and methionine metabolism
  • D-Alanine metabolism
  • D-Glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism
  • DNA replication
  • Degradation of aromatic compounds
  • Dioxin degradation
  • Ether lipid metabolism
  • Fatty acid biosynthesis
  • Fatty acid degradation
  • Fatty acid metabolism
  • Fluorobenzoate degradation
  • Folate biosynthesis
  • Fructose and mannose metabolism
  • Galactose metabolism
  • Geraniol degradation
  • Glutathione metabolism
  • Glycerolipid metabolism
  • Glycerophospholipid metabolism
  • Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism
  • Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis
  • Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
  • Histidine metabolism
  • Homologous recombination
  • Inositol phosphate metabolism
  • Limonene and pinene degradation
  • Lipoic acid metabolism
  • Lysine biosynthesis
  • Lysine degradation
  • Metabolic pathways
  • Methane metabolism
  • Microbial metabolism in diverse environments
  • Mismatch repair
  • Monobactam biosynthesis
  • Naphthalene degradation
  • Nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism
  • Nitrogen metabolism
  • Nitrotoluene degradation
  • Non-homologous end-joining
  • Nonribosomal peptide structures
  • Novobiocin biosynthesis
  • Nucleotide excision repair
  • One carbon pool by folate
  • Oxidative phosphorylation
  • Pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis
  • Pentose and glucuronate interconversions
  • Pentose phosphate pathway
  • Peptidoglycan biosynthesis
  • Phenazine biosynthesis
  • Phenylalanine metabolism
  • Phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis
  • Phosphotransferase system (PTS)
  • Polyketide sugar unit biosynthesis
  • Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism
  • Propanoate metabolism
  • Proteasome
  • Protein export
  • Purine metabolism
  • Pyrimidine metabolism
  • Pyruvate metabolism
  • Quorum sensing00253
  • RNA degradation
  • RNA polymerase
  • Riboflavin metabolism
  • Ribosome
  • Secondary bile acid biosynthesis
  • Selenocompound metabolism
  • Sphingolipid metabolism
  • Starch and sucrose metabolism
  • Steroid biosynthesis
  • Steroid degradation
  • Streptomycin biosynthesis
  • Styrene degradation
  • Sulfur metabolism
  • Sulfur relay system
  • Synthesis and degradation of ketone bodies
  • Taurine and hypotaurine metabolism
  • Terpenoid backbone biosynthesis
  • Thiamine metabolism
  • Toluene degradation
  • Tryptophan metabolism
  • Two-component system
  • Tyrosine metabolism
  • Ubiquinone and other terpenoid-quinone biosynthesis
  • Valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis
  • Valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation
  • Vancomycin resistance
  • Vitamin B6 metabolism
  • Xylene degradation
  • alpha-Linolenic acid metabolism
  • beta-Alanine metabolism
  • beta-Lactam resistance

  • CLUSTERS WITH
    Group 35
  • Burkholderia xenovorans
  • Xanthobacter autotrophicus
  • Nocardioides
  • Acidobacteria bacterium
  • Rhodococcus
  • Sphingomonas wittichii
  • Marinomonas
  • Mycobacterium
  • Acinetobacter
  • Alcanivorax borkumensis
  • Group 11
  • Xanthobacter autotrophicus
  • Nocardioides
  • Pseudomonas syringae
  • Arthrobacter
  • Pseudomonas mendocina
  • Rhodococcus
  • Ralstonia eutropha
  • Burkholderia cepacia
  • Mycobacterium
  • Acinetobacter
  • Alcanivorax borkumensis
  • Burkholderia
  • Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus
  • Polaromonas naphthalenivorans
  • Vibrio fischeri
  • Acidovorax
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Pseudomonas putida
  • Pseudomonas fluorescens
  • Caulobacter crescentus
  • Serratia proteamaculans
  • Group 37
  • Burkholderia
  • Burkholderia vietnamiensis
  • Azoarcus
  • Parvibaculum lavamentivorans
  • Burkholderia cenocepacia
  • Arthrobacter
  • Acidovorax
  • Rhodococcus
  • Mesorhizobium
  • Sphingomonas wittichii
  • Marinomonas
  • Acinetobacter
  • Group 113
  • Rhodococcus
  • Silicibacter pomeroyi
  • METABOLOMICS       
    NUTRIENTS/ SUBSTRATES

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