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Nocardioides

RANK: Genus

TAXONOMY: Bacteria -> Terrabacteria group -> Actinobacteria -> Actinobacteria -> Propionibacteriales -> Nocardioidaceae -> Nocardioides

OVERVIEW:

Abundantly branched vegetative hyphae or irregular rods may be formed in young cultures. The morphogenetic cycle is usually observable, with different organisms showing more or less complex succession of morphological stages. The morphogenetic cycle usually starts with the coccoid cells or short rods which may simply germinate into rods or longer filaments, show elementary branching or form extensively branched hyphae on and below the surface of agar media, and may give rise to aerial mycelium. The latter consists of irregular, sparsely branching or unbranched hyphae and may totally or partially cover the primary mycelium, or be discernible only microscopically. Both the vegetative and aerial hyphae and the rod-shaped cells undergo various degrees of fragmentation (division via septa formation). Fragmentation finally results in the next generation of short rod-like and coccoid cells. No endospores are formed. Rod-shaped bacteria may be motile. Gram-stain-positive type of cell wall. Non-acid-fast. The colony color is mainly whitish, creamy, or yellow of different tint and intensity and rarely orange. Diffusible pigments are not usually produced. Colonies not covered by aerial mycelium are mostly pasty, with smooth to wrinkled surface. Chemo-organotrophic, with an oxidative type of metabolism. Predominantly catalase-positive. The level of oxidase activity varies among species. Grows under aerobic conditions on standard laboratory media, including chemically defined (synthetic) media or media with low nutrient concentrations. Certain vitamins or other growth factors may be required. Utilizes a wide range of carbon and nitrogen sources, including unusual organic compounds and toxic environmental pollutants. Mostly mesophilic and neutrophilic; some grow at initial pH values of 5–5.5 and/or 11–12. Mostly non-halophilic, but salt-requiring organisms occasionally occur.

DNA G+C content (mol%): 67.5 (Tm)–74.8 (HPLC).

Type species: Nocardioides albus



Microbial Abundance Data: Nocardioides
(Percent of total population with standard deviation [PMID: 22698087])
Group 1
Group 2
Group 3
Group 4
Group 1 Avg
Buccal
Mucosa
Keratinized
Gingiva
Hard
Palate
Group 2 Avg
Throat
Throat
Tonsils
Saliva
Group 3 Avg
Supragingival
Plaque
Subgingival
Plaque
Stool
0.000 %
(0.001)
0.000 %
(0.001)
0.000 %
(0.000)
0.000 %
(0.001)
0.000 %
(0.001)
0.000 %
(0.004)
0.000 %
(0.002)
0.000 %
(0.000)
0.000 %
(0.000)
0.000 %
(0.000)
0.000 %
(0.000)
0.000 %
(0.000)
0.000 %
(0.000)
TAGS
Keystone
Core species
Type species
Pathogen
Dysbiosis associated
Flora/ commensal
Gut associated
Probiotic
Leanness
Obesity
Skin microbiome
Fecal distribution
Oral microbiome
Vaginal microbiome
Butyrate producer
Catalase producer
Histamine producer
Food fermenter
Amylolytic
Propionate producer
Nitrifying
Biofilm producer
DESCENDANTS
  • Nocardioides aestuarii
  • Nocardioides agariphilus
  • Nocardioides albertanoniae
  • Nocardioides albidus
  • Nocardioides albus
  • Nocardioides alkalitolerans
  • Nocardioides alpinus
  • Nocardioides aquaticus
  • Nocardioides aquiterrae
  • Nocardioides aromaticivorans
  • Nocardioides bigeumensis
  • Nocardioides caeni
  • Nocardioides caricicola
  • Nocardioides conyzicola
  • Nocardioides daecheongensis
  • Nocardioides daedukensis
  • Nocardioides daeguensis
  • Nocardioides daejeonensis
  • Nocardioides daphniae
  • Nocardioides deserti
  • Nocardioides dilutus
  • Nocardioides dokdonensis
  • Nocardioides dubius
  • Nocardioides echinoideorum
  • Nocardioides endophyticus
  • Nocardioides exalbidus
  • Nocardioides flavus
  • Nocardioides fonticola
  • Nocardioides fulvus
  • Nocardioides furvisabuli
  • Nocardioides ganghwensis
  • Nocardioides ginkgobilobae
  • Nocardioides ginsengagri
  • Nocardioides ginsengiglaebae
  • Nocardioides ginsengisegetis
  • Nocardioides ginsengisoli
  • Nocardioides halotolerans
  • Nocardioides hankookensis
  • Nocardioides humi
  • Nocardioides hungaricus
  • Nocardioides hwasunensis
  • Nocardioides insulae
  • Nocardioides iriomotensis
  • Nocardioides islandensis
  • Nocardioides jensenii
  • Nocardioides kongjuensis
  • Nocardioides koreensis
  • Nocardioides kribbensis
  • Nocardioides lentus
  • Nocardioides lianchengensis
  • Nocardioides luteus
  • Nocardioides maradonensis
  • Nocardioides marinisabuli
  • Nocardioides marinquilinus
  • Nocardioides marinus
  • Nocardioides maritimus
  • Nocardioides mesophilus
  • Nocardioides montaniterrae
  • Nocardioides nanhaiensis
  • Nocardioides nitrophenolicus
  • Nocardioides oleivorans
  • Nocardioides opuntiae
  • Nocardioides pacificus
  • Nocardioides panacihumi
  • Nocardioides panacisoli
  • Nocardioides panaciterrae
  • Nocardioides panzhihuensis
  • Nocardioides perillae
  • Nocardioides plantarum
  • Nocardioides psychrotolerans
  • Nocardioides pyridinolyticus
  • Nocardioides rotundus
  • Nocardioides rubriscoriae
  • Nocardioides salarius
  • Nocardioides salsibiostraticola
  • Nocardioides sediminis
  • Nocardioides soli
  • Nocardioides solisilvae
  • Nocardioides sp.
  • Nocardioides sp. RW28
  • Nocardioides szechwanensis
  • Nocardioides terrae
  • Nocardioides terrigena
  • Nocardioides tritolerans
  • Nocardioides ultimimeridianus
  • Nocardioides ungokensis
  • Nocardioides zeae
  • Nocardioides zeicaulis
  • environmental samples
  • INTERACTIONS
    KEGG PATHWAYS

    CLUSTERS WITH
    Group 74
  • Arthrobacter aurescens
  • Nocardioides
  • Mycobacterium vanbaalenii
  • Mycobacterium
  • Group 38
  • Nocardia farcinica
  • Methylococcus capsulatus
  • Bacillus halodurans
  • Silicibacter pomeroyi
  • Nocardioides
  • Xanthomonas oryzae
  • Gluconobacter oxydans
  • Hyphomonas neptunium
  • Xylella fastidiosa
  • Alcanivorax borkumensis
  • Bradyrhizobium
  • Group 35
  • Burkholderia xenovorans
  • Xanthobacter autotrophicus
  • Nocardioides
  • Acidobacteria bacterium
  • Rhodococcus
  • Sphingomonas wittichii
  • Marinomonas
  • Mycobacterium
  • Acinetobacter
  • Alcanivorax borkumensis
  • Group 60
  • Nocardia farcinica
  • Nocardioides
  • Symbiobacterium thermophilum
  • Alcanivorax borkumensis
  • Acinetobacter
  • Group 11
  • Xanthobacter autotrophicus
  • Nocardioides
  • Pseudomonas syringae
  • Arthrobacter
  • Pseudomonas mendocina
  • Rhodococcus
  • Ralstonia eutropha
  • Burkholderia cepacia
  • Mycobacterium
  • Acinetobacter
  • Alcanivorax borkumensis
  • Burkholderia
  • Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus
  • Polaromonas naphthalenivorans
  • Vibrio fischeri
  • Acidovorax
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Pseudomonas putida
  • Pseudomonas fluorescens
  • Caulobacter crescentus
  • Serratia proteamaculans
  • METABOLOMICS       
    NUTRIENTS/ SUBSTRATES

    ENDPRODUCTS
    ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE   
    BIOFILM FORMERS   
    COGEM PATHOGENICITY   

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