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Shewanella

RANK: Genus

TAXONOMY: cellular organisms -> Bacteria -> Proteobacteria -> Gammaproteobacteria -> Alteromonadales -> Shewanellaceae -> Shewanella

OVERVIEW:

Straight or curved rods, 0.5–0.8 × 0.7–2.0 µm. Endospores and microcysts are not formed. Motile by a single, unsheathed, polar flagellum. Gram negative. Colonies are often pale tan to pink-orange, due to cytochrome accumulation. Oxidase and catalase positive. Chemoheterotrophic. Facultatively anaerobic. Oxygen is used as the electron acceptor during aerobic growth. Anaerobic growth is predominantly respiratory; the oxidation of organic carbon compounds or H2 is coupled to the reduction of various inorganic and organic electron acceptors, including NO3−, NO2−, Fe3+, trimethylamine-N-oxide, fumarate, various sulfur compounds, and Mn4+. May also be fermentative, producing acid (but usually no gas) from carbohydrates, such as d-glucose and N-acetylglucosamine. Constitutive arginine dihydrolase is usually absent. Most strains can form H2S from thiosulfate. May require Na+ ions for growth. Most species can grow at 4°C. Some species are psychrophilic. One species is psychrophilic and barophilic. Major fatty acids are C13:0 iso, C14:0, C15:0, C15:0 iso, C16:1 ω7c, C16:0, and C17:1 ω8c. Several species can also form significant quantities of the omega-3 fatty acid eicosapentaenoic acid (C20:5 ω3c). Isoprenoid quinone components include ubiquinone-8, ubiquinone-7, and menaquinone-7, with smaller amounts of methylmenaquinone-7. Major polyamines are putrescine and cadaverine. Member of the order Alteromonadales, family Alteromonadaceae, class Gammaproteobacteria. Isolated from clinical samples, chilled meats, butter, cutting oils, fresh water, freshwater sediment, estuaries, salt marshes, marine algae, seawater, marine sediment, fish, marine invertebrates, sea ice, marine snow, and abyssal ocean waters. The mol% G + C of the DNA is: 38–54.Type species: Shewanella putrefaciens



Microbial Abundance Data: Shewanella
(Percent of total population with standard deviation [PMID: 22698087])
Group 1
Group 2
Group 3
Group 4
Group 1 Avg
Buccal
Mucosa
Keratinized
Gingiva
Hard
Palate
Group 2 Avg
Throat
Throat
Tonsils
Saliva
Group 3 Avg
Supragingival
Plaque
Subgingival
Plaque
Stool
0.000 %
(0.001)
0.000 %
(0.002)
0.000 %
(0.000)
0.000 %
(0.001)
0.000 %
(0.000)
0.000 %
(0.000)
0.000 %
(0.000)
0.000 %
(0.000)
0.000 %
(0.000)
0.000 %
(0.000)
0.000 %
(0.000)
0.000 %
(0.000)
0.000 %
(0.000)
TAGS
Keystone
Core species
Type species
Pathogen
Dysbiosis associated
Flora/ commensal
Gut associated
Probiotic
Leanness
Obesity
Skin microbiome
Fecal distribution
Oral microbiome
Vaginal microbiome
Butyrate producer
Catalase producer
Histamine producer
Food fermenter
Amylolytic
Propionate producer
Nitrifying
Biofilm producer
DESCENDANTS
  • 'Shewanella arctica' Qoura et al. 2014
  • Shewanella abyssi
  • Shewanella aestuarii
  • Shewanella algae
  • Shewanella algidipiscicola
  • Shewanella amazonensis
  • Shewanella aquimarina
  • Shewanella arctica Kim et al. 2012
  • Shewanella atlantica
  • Shewanella baltica
  • Shewanella basaltis
  • Shewanella benthica
  • Shewanella canadensis
  • Shewanella chilikensis
  • Shewanella colwelliana
  • Shewanella corallii
  • Shewanella decolorationis
  • Shewanella denitrificans
  • Shewanella dokdonensis
  • Shewanella donghaensis
  • Shewanella fidelis
  • Shewanella fodinae
  • Shewanella frigidimarina
  • Shewanella gaetbuli
  • Shewanella gelidimarina
  • Shewanella glacialipiscicola
  • Shewanella hafniensis
  • Shewanella halifaxensis
  • Shewanella haliotis
  • Shewanella hanedai
  • Shewanella indica
  • Shewanella irciniae
  • Shewanella japonica
  • Shewanella kaireitica
  • Shewanella litorisediminis
  • Shewanella livingstonensis
  • Shewanella loihica
  • Shewanella marina
  • Shewanella marinintestina
  • Shewanella marisflavi
  • Shewanella massilia
  • Shewanella morhuae
  • Shewanella olleyana
  • Shewanella oneidensis
  • Shewanella pacifica
  • Shewanella pealeana
  • Shewanella piezotolerans
  • Shewanella pneumatophori
  • Shewanella profunda
  • Shewanella psychrophila
  • Shewanella putida
  • Shewanella putrefaciens
  • Shewanella saccharophilus
  • Shewanella sairae
  • Shewanella schlegeliana
  • Shewanella sediminis
  • Shewanella seohaensis
  • Shewanella sp.
  • Shewanella sp. 'Loligo pealei cluster 2'
  • Shewanella sp.(2010)
  • Shewanella spongiae
  • Shewanella surugensis
  • Shewanella taiwanensis
  • Shewanella upenei
  • Shewanella vesiculosa
  • Shewanella violacea
  • Shewanella waksmanii
  • Shewanella woodyi
  • Shewanella xiamenensis
  • environmental samples
  • unclassified Shewanella
  • INTERACTIONS
    KEGG PATHWAYS
  • 2-Oxocarboxylic acid metabolism
  • ABC transporters
  • Acarbose and validamycin biosynthesis
  • Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism
  • Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism
  • Aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis
  • Aminobenzoate degradation
  • Arachidonic acid metabolism
  • Arginine and proline metabolism
  • Arginine biosynthesis
  • Bacterial chemotaxis
  • Bacterial secretion system
  • Base excision repair
  • Benzoate degradation
  • Biosynthesis of amino acids
  • Biosynthesis of antibiotics
  • Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
  • Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids
  • Biotin metabolism
  • Butanoate metabolism
  • C5-Branched dibasic acid metabolism
  • Caprolactam degradation
  • Carbapenem biosynthesis
  • Carbon metabolism
  • Cationic antimicrobial peptide (CAMP) resistance
  • Chloroalkane and chloroalkene degradation
  • Chlorocyclohexane and chlorobenzene degradation
  • Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
  • Cyanoamino acid metabolism
  • Cysteine and methionine metabolism
  • D-Alanine metabolism
  • D-Glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism
  • DNA replication
  • Degradation of aromatic compounds
  • Ether lipid metabolism
  • Fatty acid biosynthesis
  • Fatty acid degradation
  • Fatty acid metabolism
  • Flagellar assembly
  • Fluorobenzoate degradation
  • Folate biosynthesis
  • Fructose and mannose metabolism
  • Galactose metabolism
  • Geraniol degradation
  • Glutathione metabolism
  • Glycerolipid metabolism
  • Glycerophospholipid metabolism
  • Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism
  • Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis
  • Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
  • Histidine metabolism
  • Homologous recombination
  • Inositol phosphate metabolism
  • Limonene and pinene degradation
  • Lipoic acid metabolism
  • Lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis
  • Lysine biosynthesis
  • Lysine degradation
  • Metabolic pathways
  • Methane metabolism
  • Microbial metabolism in diverse environments
  • Mismatch repair
  • Monobactam biosynthesis
  • Naphthalene degradation
  • Nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism
  • Nitrogen metabolism
  • Nitrotoluene degradation
  • Novobiocin biosynthesis
  • Nucleotide excision repair
  • One carbon pool by folate
  • Other glycan degradation
  • Oxidative phosphorylation
  • Pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis
  • Pentose and glucuronate interconversions
  • Pentose phosphate pathway
  • Peptidoglycan biosynthesis
  • Phenylalanine metabolism
  • Phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis
  • Phosphotransferase system (PTS)
  • Polyketide sugar unit biosynthesis
  • Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism
  • Propanoate metabolism
  • Protein export
  • Purine metabolism
  • Pyrimidine metabolism
  • Pyruvate metabolism
  • Quorum sensing00253
  • RNA degradation
  • RNA polymerase
  • Riboflavin metabolism
  • Ribosome
  • Selenocompound metabolism
  • Starch and sucrose metabolism
  • Streptomycin biosynthesis
  • Styrene degradation
  • Sulfur metabolism
  • Sulfur relay system
  • Synthesis and degradation of ketone bodies
  • Taurine and hypotaurine metabolism
  • Terpenoid backbone biosynthesis
  • Thiamine metabolism
  • Toluene degradation
  • Tryptophan metabolism
  • Two-component system
  • Tyrosine metabolism
  • Ubiquinone and other terpenoid-quinone biosynthesis
  • Valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis
  • Valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation
  • Vancomycin resistance
  • Vitamin B6 metabolism
  • alpha-Linolenic acid metabolism
  • beta-Alanine metabolism
  • beta-Lactam resistance

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