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Oxalicibacterium

RANK: Genus

TAXONOMY: cellular organisms -> Bacteria -> Proteobacteria -> Betaproteobacteria -> Burkholderiales -> Oxalobacteraceae -> Oxalicibacterium

OVERVIEW:

Straight or curved to vibrioid, Gram-negative, nonsporeforming rods 0.4–0.6 × 1.0–2.5 μm in length. Flagella may be present or absent. Strictly anaerobic. Chemoorganotroph. Oxalate is used as the major carbon and energy source. Oxamate may also be used, but neither carbohydrates nor any of a wide variety of other compounds will replace oxalate as the growth substrate. Acetate is assimilated for cell synthesis and is required by some, and perhaps by all, strains. Oxalate utilization is accompanied by alkalization of the medium, and formate is produced in approximately equimolar proportions to the amount of oxalate metabolized. Strains have been isolated from the rumens of cattle and sheep, from cecal and fecal samples from humans, guinea pigs, swine, domestic and wild rats, and from freshwater lake and marine sediments. It is probable that these bacteria colonize many other anaerobic habitats. Oxalobacter is currently classified in the class Betaproteobacteria, the order Burkholderiales, and the family Oxalobacteraceae.

The mol% G + C of the DNA is: 48–52.

Type species: Oxalobacter formigenes



TAGS
Keystone
Core species
Type species
Pathogen
Dysbiosis associated
Flora/ commensal
Gut associated
Probiotic
Leanness
Obesity
Skin microbiome
Fecal distribution
Oral microbiome
Vaginal microbiome
Butyrate producer
Catalase producer
Histamine producer
Food fermenter
Amylolytic
Propionate producer
Nitrifying
Biofilm producer
DESCENDANTS
INTERACTIONS
KEGG PATHWAYS

CLUSTERS WITH
METABOLOMICS       
NUTRIENTS/ SUBSTRATES
  • Oxamate
  • Oxalate
  • Acetate

  • ENDPRODUCTS
  • Formate
  • ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE   
    BIOFILM FORMERS   
    COGEM PATHOGENICITY   

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