SUBSTRATA MAIN PAGE


Flavobacterium

RANK: Genus

TAXONOMY: Bacteria -> Bacteroidetes/Chlorobi group -> Bacteroidetes -> Flavobacteriia -> Flavobacteriales -> Flavobacteriaceae -> Flavobacterium

OVERVIEW:

Straight or slightly curved, single rods with rounded or slightly tapered ends typically about 0.3–0.5 µm in diameter and variable in length, often 2–5 µm; shorter (1 µm) or filamentous (10–40 µm) cells and pleomorphism also occur. The longer rods are flexible. Do not form endospores. Several species produce spherical degenerative forms (spheroplasts) in stationary growth phase. Nonmotile or motile by gliding. Flagella have not been reported. Colonies are pale to bright yellow due to the production of nondiffusible, nonfluorescent carotenoid or flexirubin types of pigments or both. Gram-stain-negative. Chemoorganotrophic. Most species are obligately aerobic, having a strictly respiratory type of metabolism with oxygen as the terminal electron acceptor. A few species may also grow weakly under microaerobic to anaerobic conditions. About half of the species are able to reduce nitrate to nitrite, but only one species is able to carry out complete denitrification. The optimum growth temperature range is 20–30°C for most temperate species and 15–20°C for most cold-living species. Most species grow readily on nutrient and tryptic soy agars; no growth factors are required. Most species also grow on media containing up to 2–4% NaCl. Usually positive for catalase and oxidase. About half of the species are able to oxidize carbohydrates. Esculin and starch are hydrolyzed by most species, but agar and carboxymethylcellulose are hydrolyzed by only a few species. Strong proteolytic activity occurs. Menaquinone MK-6 is the only or predominant respiratory quinone. Predominant cellular fatty acids are C15:0, C15:0 iso, C15:0 iso 3-OH, C15:0 anteiso, C15:1 ω6c, C15:1 iso G, C16:0 iso 3-OH, and C17:0 iso 3-OH, as well as C15:0 iso 2-OH and/or C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω7t. Sphingophospholipids are absent in all tested species. Homospermidine is the major polyamine in all tested species. Occur in soil and in freshwater, marine, or saline environments in warm, temperate, or polar locations. Three species are pathogenic for freshwater fish and three others have occasionally been isolated from diseased freshwater fish.DNA G+C content (mol%): 30–41.Type species: Flavobacterium aquatile

This genus contains microbial species that can reside in the human gastrointestinal tract. [PMC 4262072]



Microbial Abundance Data: Flavobacterium
(Percent of total population with standard deviation [PMID: 22698087])
Group 1
Group 2
Group 3
Group 4
Group 1 Avg
Buccal
Mucosa
Keratinized
Gingiva
Hard
Palate
Group 2 Avg
Throat
Throat
Tonsils
Saliva
Group 3 Avg
Supragingival
Plaque
Subgingival
Plaque
Stool
0.000 %
(0.004)
0.001 %
(0.008)
0.000 %
(0.002)
0.000 %
(0.001)
0.001 %
(0.008)
0.002 %
(0.015)
0.000 %
(0.003)
0.000 %
(0.000)
0.002 %
(0.015)
0.000 %
(0.001)
0.000 %
(0.000)
0.000 %
(0.001)
0.000 %
(0.000)
TAGS
Keystone
Core species
Type species
Pathogen
Dysbiosis associated
Flora/ commensal
Gut associated
Probiotic
Leanness
Obesity
Skin microbiome
Fecal distribution
Oral microbiome
Vaginal microbiome
Butyrate producer
Catalase producer
Histamine producer
Food fermenter
Amylolytic
Propionate producer
Nitrifying
Biofilm producer
DESCENDANTS
  • Flavobacterium acidificum
  • Flavobacterium aciduliphilum
  • Flavobacterium acidurans
  • Flavobacterium aff. hibernum 4.5
  • Flavobacterium aff. xylanivorum A1/C-aer/OIV
  • Flavobacterium ahnfeltiae
  • Flavobacterium akiainvivens
  • Flavobacterium algicola
  • Flavobacterium anatoliense
  • Flavobacterium anhuiense
  • Flavobacterium anseonense
  • Flavobacterium antarcticum
  • Flavobacterium aquaticum
  • Flavobacterium aquatile
  • Flavobacterium aquidurense
  • Flavobacterium araucananum
  • Flavobacterium arcticum
  • Flavobacterium arsenatis
  • Flavobacterium arsenitoxidans
  • Flavobacterium banpakuense
  • Flavobacterium beibuense
  • Flavobacterium branchiophilum
  • Flavobacterium brevivitae
  • Flavobacterium caeni
  • Flavobacterium cauense
  • Flavobacterium ceti
  • Flavobacterium cheniae
  • Flavobacterium cheonanense
  • Flavobacterium cheonhonense
  • Flavobacterium chilense
  • Flavobacterium chungangense
  • Flavobacterium chungbukense
  • Flavobacterium chungnamense
  • Flavobacterium collinsense
  • Flavobacterium columnare
  • Flavobacterium compostarboris
  • Flavobacterium croceum
  • Flavobacterium cucumis
  • Flavobacterium cutihirudinis
  • Flavobacterium daejeonense
  • Flavobacterium daemonensis
  • Flavobacterium dankookense
  • Flavobacterium defluvii
  • Flavobacterium degerlachei
  • Flavobacterium denitrificans
  • Flavobacterium dongtanense
  • Flavobacterium enshiense
  • Flavobacterium faecale
  • Flavobacterium filum
  • Flavobacterium flevense
  • Flavobacterium fluvii
  • Flavobacterium fontis
  • Flavobacterium frigidarium
  • Flavobacterium frigidimaris
  • Flavobacterium frigoris
  • Flavobacterium fryxellicola
  • Flavobacterium gastricum
  • Flavobacterium gelidilacus
  • Flavobacterium gillisiae
  • Flavobacterium ginsengisoli
  • Flavobacterium ginsengiterrae
  • Flavobacterium ginsenosidimutans
  • Flavobacterium glaciei
  • Flavobacterium glycines
  • Flavobacterium granuli
  • Flavobacterium gyeonganense
  • Flavobacterium haoranii
  • Flavobacterium hauense
  • Flavobacterium hercynium
  • Flavobacterium hibernum
  • Flavobacterium hydatis
  • Flavobacterium indicum
  • Flavobacterium johnsoniae
  • Flavobacterium jumunjinense
  • Flavobacterium kamogawaensis
  • Flavobacterium koreense
  • Flavobacterium kyungheense
  • Flavobacterium lacus
  • Flavobacterium limicola
  • Flavobacterium limnosediminis
  • Flavobacterium lindanitolerans
  • Flavobacterium longum
  • Flavobacterium lutivivi
  • Flavobacterium macrobrachii
  • Flavobacterium maotaiense
  • Flavobacterium marinum
  • Flavobacterium maris
  • Flavobacterium micromati
  • Flavobacterium myungsuense
  • Flavobacterium nitratireducens
  • Flavobacterium noncentrifugens
  • Flavobacterium ogurii
  • Flavobacterium omnivorum
  • Flavobacterium oncorhynchi
  • Flavobacterium oryzae
  • Flavobacterium palustre
  • Flavobacterium paraogurii
  • Flavobacterium paroense
  • Flavobacterium pectinovorum
  • Flavobacterium phragmitis
  • Flavobacterium piscis
  • Flavobacterium plurextorum
  • Flavobacterium ponti
  • Flavobacterium psychrolimnae
  • Flavobacterium psychrophilum
  • Flavobacterium qiangtangense
  • Flavobacterium rakeshii
  • Flavobacterium reichenbachii
  • Flavobacterium resistens
  • Flavobacterium rivuli
  • Flavobacterium s46_R
  • Flavobacterium saccharophilum
  • Flavobacterium saliperosum
  • Flavobacterium sasangense
  • Flavobacterium segetis
  • Flavobacterium sinopsychrotolerans
  • Flavobacterium soli
  • Flavobacterium sp.
  • Flavobacterium spartansii
  • Flavobacterium squillarum
  • Flavobacterium suaedae
  • Flavobacterium subsaxonicum
  • Flavobacterium succinicans
  • Flavobacterium suncheonense
  • Flavobacterium suzhouense
  • Flavobacterium swingsii
  • Flavobacterium tegetincola
  • Flavobacterium terrae
  • Flavobacterium terrigena
  • Flavobacterium tiangeerense
  • Flavobacterium tilapiae
  • Flavobacterium tructae
  • Flavobacterium ummariense
  • Flavobacterium urocaniciphilum
  • Flavobacterium urumqiense
  • Flavobacterium weaverense
  • Flavobacterium xanthum
  • Flavobacterium xinjiangense
  • Flavobacterium xueshanense
  • Flavobacterium yanchengense
  • Flavobacterium yonginense
  • environmental samples
  • unclassified Flavobacterium
  • INTERACTIONS
    KEGG PATHWAYS
  • 2-Oxocarboxylic acid metabolism
  • ABC transporters
  • Acarbose and validamycin biosynthesis
  • Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism
  • Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism
  • Aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis
  • Aminobenzoate degradation
  • Arachidonic acid metabolism
  • Arginine and proline metabolism
  • Arginine biosynthesis
  • Ascorbate and aldarate metabolism
  • Bacterial chemotaxis
  • Bacterial secretion system
  • Base excision repair
  • Benzoate degradation
  • Biosynthesis of amino acids
  • Biosynthesis of antibiotics
  • Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
  • Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids
  • Biotin metabolism
  • Butanoate metabolism
  • C5-Branched dibasic acid metabolism
  • Carbapenem biosynthesis
  • Carbon metabolism
  • Carotenoid biosynthesis
  • Cationic antimicrobial peptide (CAMP) resistance
  • Chloroalkane and chloroalkene degradation
  • Chlorocyclohexane and chlorobenzene degradation
  • Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
  • Cyanoamino acid metabolism
  • Cysteine and methionine metabolism
  • D-Alanine metabolism
  • D-Glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism
  • DNA replication
  • Degradation of aromatic compounds
  • Ether lipid metabolism
  • Fatty acid biosynthesis
  • Fatty acid degradation
  • Fatty acid metabolism
  • Fluorobenzoate degradation
  • Folate biosynthesis
  • Fructose and mannose metabolism
  • Galactose metabolism
  • Geraniol degradation
  • Glutathione metabolism
  • Glycerolipid metabolism
  • Glycerophospholipid metabolism
  • Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism
  • Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis
  • Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
  • Histidine metabolism
  • Homologous recombination
  • Inositol phosphate metabolism
  • Linoleic acid metabolism
  • Lipoic acid metabolism
  • Lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis
  • Lysine biosynthesis
  • Lysine degradation
  • Metabolic pathways
  • Methane metabolism
  • Microbial metabolism in diverse environments
  • Mismatch repair
  • Monobactam biosynthesis
  • Naphthalene degradation
  • Nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism
  • Nitrogen metabolism
  • Nitrotoluene degradation
  • Non-homologous end-joining
  • Nonribosomal peptide structures
  • Novobiocin biosynthesis
  • Nucleotide excision repair
  • One carbon pool by folate
  • Other glycan degradation
  • Oxidative phosphorylation
  • Pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis
  • Pentose and glucuronate interconversions
  • Pentose phosphate pathway
  • Peptidoglycan biosynthesis
  • Phenazine biosynthesis
  • Phenylalanine metabolism
  • Phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis
  • Phosphonate and phosphinate metabolism
  • Polyketide sugar unit biosynthesis
  • Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism
  • Propanoate metabolism
  • Protein export
  • Purine metabolism
  • Pyrimidine metabolism
  • Pyruvate metabolism
  • Quorum sensing00253
  • RNA degradation
  • RNA polymerase
  • Riboflavin metabolism
  • Ribosome
  • Secondary bile acid biosynthesis
  • Selenocompound metabolism
  • Sphingolipid metabolism
  • Starch and sucrose metabolism
  • Streptomycin biosynthesis
  • Styrene degradation
  • Sulfur metabolism
  • Sulfur relay system
  • Synthesis and degradation of ketone bodies
  • Taurine and hypotaurine metabolism
  • Terpenoid backbone biosynthesis
  • Thiamine metabolism
  • Toluene degradation
  • Tryptophan metabolism
  • Two-component system
  • Tyrosine metabolism
  • Ubiquinone and other terpenoid-quinone biosynthesis
  • Valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis
  • Valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation
  • Vancomycin resistance
  • Vitamin B6 metabolism
  • alpha-Linolenic acid metabolism
  • beta-Alanine metabolism
  • beta-Lactam resistance

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