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Epulopiscium

RANK: Genus

TAXONOMY: Bacteria -> Terrabacteria group -> Firmicutes -> Clostridia -> Clostridiales -> unclassified Clostridiales -> Epulopiscium

OVERVIEW:

Epulopiscium is one of the largest known bacteria, a million times bigger than Escherichia coli or Bacillus subtilis. It is large enough to be seen with the naked eye at 600 ┬Ám. However, because it is so big, it must compensate for its surface-to-volume ratio, regardless of its nutrient-rich environment. It also has special coping mechanisms and structures within it, which were originally thought to be organelles. These structures form a cortex within Epulopiscium that are made of vesicles, capsules, and tubules that excrete and transport waste throughout the cell. The bacteria exhibit many unusual characteristics, mostly due to the adaptations necessary for their large size. Epulopiscium spp. are extremely polyploid, with bacterial chromosomes representing hundreds of thousands of copies of the genome.Since bacteria rely on diffusion rather than cytoskeletal transport as in eukaryotes, this extreme polyploidy allows for the production of gene products at numerous sites where they are needed in the cell.



TAGS
Keystone
Core species
Type species
Pathogen
Dysbiosis associated
Flora/ commensal
Gut associated
Probiotic
Leanness
Obesity
Skin microbiome
Fecal distribution
Oral microbiome
Vaginal microbiome
Butyrate producer
Catalase producer
Histamine producer
Food fermenter
Amylolytic
Propionate producer
Nitrifying
Biofilm producer
DESCENDANTS
INTERACTIONS
KEGG PATHWAYS

CLUSTERS WITH
METABOLOMICS       
NUTRIENTS/ SUBSTRATES

ENDPRODUCTS
ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE   
BIOFILM FORMERS   
COGEM PATHOGENICITY   

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