SUBSTRATA MAIN PAGE


Methylobacterium

RANK: Genus

TAXONOMY: cellular organisms -> Bacteria -> Proteobacteria -> Alphaproteobacteria -> Rhizobiales -> Methylobacteriaceae -> Methylobacterium

OVERVIEW:

The 'Methylobacteria' are a genus of Rhizobiales.Garrity, George M.; Brenner, Don J.; Krieg, Noel R.; Staley, James T. (eds.) (2005). Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume Two: The Proteobacteria, Part C: The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria. New York, New York: Springer. ISBN 978-0-387-24145-6. As well as its normal habitats in soil and water, Methylobacterium has also been identified as a contaminant of DNA extraction kit reagents, which may lead to its erroneous appearance in microbiota or metagenomic datasets. Rods 0.8–1.2 × 1.0–8.0 µm that occasionally branch and/or exhibit polar growth. Form pink to orange-red colonies on methanol salts agar. Stain Gram negative to Gram variable; Gram-negative cell wall type. Motile by means of a single polar, subpolar, or lateral flagellum. Aerobic, having a strictly respiratory type of metabolism with oxygen as the terminal electron acceptor. Mesophilic. Chemoorganotrophic and facultatively methylotrophic, able to grow with formaldehyde (often at micromolar concentrations), formate, and methanol; some strains grow on methylated amines. Widely distributed in nature.

The mol% G + C of the DNA is: 68.0–72.4.

This genus contains microbial species that can reside in the human gastrointestinal tract. [PMC 4262072]



Microbial Abundance Data: Methylobacterium
(Percent of total population with standard deviation [PMID: 22698087])
Group 1
Group 2
Group 3
Group 4
Group 1 Avg
Buccal
Mucosa
Keratinized
Gingiva
Hard
Palate
Group 2 Avg
Throat
Throat
Tonsils
Saliva
Group 3 Avg
Supragingival
Plaque
Subgingival
Plaque
Stool
0.002 %
(0.007)
0.002 %
(0.009)
0.000 %
(0.003)
0.003 %
(0.009)
0.005 %
(0.038)
0.006 %
(0.032)
0.001 %
(0.005)
0.000 %
(0.001)
0.011 %
(0.113)
0.000 %
(0.003)
0.000 %
(0.005)
0.000 %
(0.001)
0.000 %
(0.002)
TAGS
Keystone
Core species
Type species
Pathogen
Dysbiosis associated
Flora/ commensal
Gut associated
Probiotic
Leanness
Obesity
Skin microbiome
Fecal distribution
Oral microbiome
Vaginal microbiome
Butyrate producer
Catalase producer
Histamine producer
Food fermenter
Amylolytic
Propionate producer
Nitrifying
Biofilm producer
DESCENDANTS
  • Methylobacterium 86
  • Methylobacterium MAP-2
  • Methylobacterium adhaesivum
  • Methylobacterium aerolatum
  • Methylobacterium aminovorans
  • Methylobacterium aquaticum
  • Methylobacterium brachiatum
  • Methylobacterium brachythecii
  • Methylobacterium bullatum
  • Methylobacterium cerastii
  • Methylobacterium dankookense
  • Methylobacterium endosymbiont of Tamarixia radiata
  • Methylobacterium extorquens group
  • Methylobacterium fujisawaense
  • Methylobacterium gnaphalii
  • Methylobacterium goesingense
  • Methylobacterium gossipiicola
  • Methylobacterium gregans
  • Methylobacterium haplocladii
  • Methylobacterium hispanicum
  • Methylobacterium indicum
  • Methylobacterium iners
  • Methylobacterium isbiliense
  • Methylobacterium jeotgali
  • Methylobacterium komagatae
  • Methylobacterium longum
  • Methylobacterium marchantiae
  • Methylobacterium mesophilicum
  • Methylobacterium nodulans
  • Methylobacterium organophilum
  • Methylobacterium oryzae
  • Methylobacterium oxalidis
  • Methylobacterium persicinum
  • Methylobacterium phyllosphaerae
  • Methylobacterium phyllostachyos
  • Methylobacterium platani
  • Methylobacterium podarium
  • Methylobacterium populi
  • Methylobacterium pseudosasae
  • Methylobacterium pseudosasicola
  • Methylobacterium radiotolerans
  • Methylobacterium rhodesianum group
  • Methylobacterium rhodinum
  • Methylobacterium salsuginis
  • Methylobacterium soli
  • Methylobacterium sp.
  • Methylobacterium sp. 399
  • Methylobacterium sp. MM70
  • Methylobacterium sp. PDD-23b-14
  • Methylobacterium sp. RK-2008-1
  • Methylobacterium sp.RD1
  • Methylobacterium specialis
  • Methylobacterium suomiense
  • Methylobacterium tardum
  • Methylobacterium tarhaniae
  • Methylobacterium thiocyanatum
  • Methylobacterium thuringiense
  • Methylobacterium trifolii
  • Methylobacterium variabile
  • Methylobacterium zatmanii
  • environmental samples
  • INTERACTIONS
    KEGG PATHWAYS
  • 2-Oxocarboxylic acid metabolism
  • ABC transporters
  • Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism
  • Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism
  • Aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis
  • Aminobenzoate degradation
  • Arachidonic acid metabolism
  • Arginine and proline metabolism
  • Arginine biosynthesis
  • Ascorbate and aldarate metabolism
  • Atrazine degradation
  • Bacterial chemotaxis
  • Bacterial secretion system
  • Base excision repair
  • Benzoate degradation
  • Biosynthesis of amino acids
  • Biosynthesis of antibiotics
  • Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
  • Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids
  • Biotin metabolism
  • Butanoate metabolism
  • C5-Branched dibasic acid metabolism
  • Caprolactam degradation
  • Carbapenem biosynthesis
  • Carbon fixation in photosynthetic organisms
  • Carbon metabolism
  • Carotenoid biosynthesis
  • Cationic antimicrobial peptide (CAMP) resistance
  • Chloroalkane and chloroalkene degradation
  • Chlorocyclohexane and chlorobenzene degradation
  • Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
  • Cyanoamino acid metabolism
  • Cysteine and methionine metabolism
  • D-Alanine metabolism
  • D-Arginine and D-ornithine metabolism
  • D-Glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism
  • DNA replication
  • Degradation of aromatic compounds
  • Dioxin degradation
  • Fatty acid biosynthesis
  • Fatty acid degradation
  • Fatty acid metabolism
  • Flagellar assembly
  • Fluorobenzoate degradation
  • Folate biosynthesis
  • Fructose and mannose metabolism
  • Furfural degradation
  • Galactose metabolism
  • Geraniol degradation
  • Glutathione metabolism
  • Glycerolipid metabolism
  • Glycerophospholipid metabolism
  • Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism
  • Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis
  • Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
  • Histidine metabolism
  • Homologous recombination
  • Inositol phosphate metabolism
  • Insulin resistance
  • Limonene and pinene degradation
  • Lipoic acid metabolism
  • Lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis
  • Lysine biosynthesis
  • Lysine degradation
  • Metabolic pathways
  • Methane metabolism
  • Microbial metabolism in diverse environments
  • Mismatch repair
  • Monobactam biosynthesis
  • Naphthalene degradation
  • Nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism
  • Nitrogen metabolism
  • Nitrotoluene degradation
  • Nonribosomal peptide structures
  • Novobiocin biosynthesis
  • Nucleotide excision repair
  • One carbon pool by folate
  • Oxidative phosphorylation
  • Pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis
  • Penicillin and cephalosporin biosynthesis
  • Pentose and glucuronate interconversions
  • Pentose phosphate pathway
  • Peptidoglycan biosynthesis
  • Phenylalanine metabolism
  • Phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis
  • Phosphonate and phosphinate metabolism
  • Phosphotransferase system (PTS)
  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon degradation
  • Polyketide sugar unit biosynthesis
  • Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism
  • Propanoate metabolism
  • Protein export
  • Purine metabolism
  • Pyrimidine metabolism
  • Pyruvate metabolism
  • RNA degradation
  • RNA polymerase
  • Riboflavin metabolism
  • Ribosome
  • Selenocompound metabolism
  • Sesquiterpenoid and triterpenoid biosynthesis
  • Starch and sucrose metabolism
  • Streptomycin biosynthesis
  • Styrene degradation
  • Sulfur metabolism
  • Sulfur relay system
  • Synthesis and degradation of ketone bodies
  • Taurine and hypotaurine metabolism
  • Terpenoid backbone biosynthesis
  • Thiamine metabolism
  • Toluene degradation
  • Tryptophan metabolism
  • Two-component system
  • Tyrosine metabolism
  • Ubiquinone and other terpenoid-quinone biosynthesis
  • Valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis
  • Valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation
  • Vancomycin resistance
  • Vitamin B6 metabolism
  • Xylene degradation
  • beta-Alanine metabolism
  • beta-Lactam resistance

  • CLUSTERS WITH
    METABOLOMICS       
    NUTRIENTS/ SUBSTRATES
  • Formaldehyde

  • ENDPRODUCTS
  • Polyhydroxyalkanoic acids
  • ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE   
    BIOFILM FORMERS   COGEM PATHOGENICITY   

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