SUBSTRATA MAIN PAGE


Acinetobacter

RANK: Genus

TAXONOMY: cellular organisms -> Bacteria -> Proteobacteria -> Gammaproteobacteria -> Pseudomonadales -> Moraxellaceae -> Acinetobacter

OVERVIEW:

Rods 0.9–1.6 × 1.5–2.5 μm, becoming spherical in the stationary phase of growth. Colonies are generally nonpigmented and are mucoid when the cells are encapsulated. Cells commonly occur in pairs and in chains of variable length. Do not form spores. Gram negative but occasionally difficult to destain. Swimming motility does not occur but the cells display “twitching motility”, presumably because of the presence of fimbriae. Aerobic, having a strictly respiratory type of metabolism with oxygen as the terminal electron acceptor. Most strains do not reduce nitrate to nitrite. Most strains grow between 20 and 37°C, having temperature optima of 33–35°C. Some strains cannot grow at 37°C. Oxidase negative. Catalase positive. Grow well on most complex media. Most strains grow in defined media containing a single carbon and energy source, such as acetate or lactate, using ammonium or nitrate salts, or one of several common amino acids, as a supply of nitrogen. Frequently amino acids such as glutamic acid or aspartic acid can serve as a single source of carbon, energy, and nitrogen in a defined mineral medium. With rare exceptions, they display no growth factor requirements. Most frequently saprophytic, occurring naturally in soil, water, sewage, and foods such as raw vegetables. Can also reside, possibly indigenously, on the human skin and in the human respiratory tract. Can cause nosocomial infections such as bacteremia, secondary meningitis, pneumonia, and urinary tract infections in humans.The mol% G + C of the DNA is: 38–47.Type species: Acinetobacter calcoaceticus

This genus contains microbial species that can reside in the human gastrointestinal tract. [PMC 4262072]



Microbial Abundance Data: Acinetobacter
(Percent of total population with standard deviation [PMID: 22698087])
Group 1
Group 2
Group 3
Group 4
Group 1 Avg
Buccal
Mucosa
Keratinized
Gingiva
Hard
Palate
Group 2 Avg
Throat
Throat
Tonsils
Saliva
Group 3 Avg
Supragingival
Plaque
Subgingival
Plaque
Stool
0.004 %
(0.034)
0.003 %
(0.013)
0.000 %
(0.004)
0.009 %
(0.086)
0.007 %
(0.058)
0.024 %
(0.210)
0.000 %
(0.002)
0.001 %
(0.010)
0.002 %
(0.010)
0.001 %
(0.008)
0.001 %
(0.003)
0.002 %
(0.013)
0.001 %
(0.018)
TAGS
Keystone
Core species
Type species
Pathogen
Dysbiosis associated
Flora/ commensal
Gut associated
Probiotic
Leanness
Obesity
Skin microbiome
Fecal distribution
Oral microbiome
Vaginal microbiome
Butyrate producer
Catalase producer
Histamine producer
Food fermenter
Amylolytic
Propionate producer
Nitrifying
Biofilm producer
DESCENDANTS
  • Acinetobacter antiviralis
  • Acinetobacter apis
  • Acinetobacter baylyi
  • Acinetobacter beijerinckii
  • Acinetobacter bereziniae
  • Acinetobacter bohemicus
  • Acinetobacter boissieri
  • Acinetobacter bouvetii
  • Acinetobacter brisouii
  • Acinetobacter calcoaceticus
  • Acinetobacter courvalinii
  • Acinetobacter dispersus
  • Acinetobacter endosymbiont of Anopheles claviger
  • Acinetobacter endosymbiont of Culex pipiens
  • Acinetobacter endosymbiont of Nilaparvata lugens
  • Acinetobacter equi
  • Acinetobacter gandensis
  • Acinetobacter genospecies
  • Acinetobacter gerneri
  • Acinetobacter glutaminasificans
  • Acinetobacter guangdongensis
  • Acinetobacter guillouiae
  • Acinetobacter gyllenbergii
  • Acinetobacter haemolyticus
  • Acinetobacter harbinensis
  • Acinetobacter indicus
  • Acinetobacter johnsonii
  • Acinetobacter junii
  • Acinetobacter kookii
  • Acinetobacter kyonggiensis
  • Acinetobacter lwoffii
  • Acinetobacter marinus
  • Acinetobacter modestus
  • Acinetobacter nectaris
  • Acinetobacter oleivorans
  • Acinetobacter oryzae
  • Acinetobacter pakistanensis
  • Acinetobacter parvus
  • Acinetobacter proteolyticus
  • Acinetobacter psychrotolerans
  • Acinetobacter puyangensis
  • Acinetobacter qingfengensis
  • Acinetobacter radioresistens
  • Acinetobacter rhizosphaerae
  • Acinetobacter rudis
  • Acinetobacter schindleri
  • Acinetobacter seohaensis
  • Acinetobacter septicus
  • Acinetobacter soli
  • Acinetobacter sp.
  • Acinetobacter sp. 81A1
  • Acinetobacter sp. C-S-NA3
  • Acinetobacter sp. C049
  • Acinetobacter sp. HD5.2
  • Acinetobacter sp. RBE2CD-114
  • Acinetobacter sp. RBE2CD-76
  • Acinetobacter sp. RE 51
  • Acinetobacter sp. S2(2009)
  • Acinetobacter sp. STE
  • Acinetobacter sp. WB22-23
  • Acinetobacter sp. oral taxon 408
  • Acinetobacter sp.23ANGIII
  • Acinetobacter sp.32AGV
  • Acinetobacter sp.37AGV
  • Acinetobacter sp.42AAIII
  • Acinetobacter sp.45AAIII
  • Acinetobacter sp.49AAIII
  • Acinetobacter sp.SOS19
  • Acinetobacter tandoii
  • Acinetobacter tjernbergiae
  • Acinetobacter towneri
  • Acinetobacter ursingii
  • Acinetobacter variabilis
  • Acinetobacter venetianus
  • Acinetobacter vivianii
  • Acinetobacter xiamenensis
  • environmental samples
  • unclassified Acinetobacter
  • INTERACTIONS
    KEGG PATHWAYS
  • 2-Oxocarboxylic acid metabolism
  • ABC transporters
  • Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism
  • Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism
  • Aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis
  • Aminobenzoate degradation
  • Arachidonic acid metabolism
  • Arginine and proline metabolism
  • Arginine biosynthesis
  • Ascorbate and aldarate metabolism
  • Atrazine degradation
  • Bacterial secretion system
  • Base excision repair
  • Benzoate degradation
  • Biosynthesis of amino acids
  • Biosynthesis of antibiotics
  • Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
  • Biosynthesis of siderophore group nonribosomal peptides
  • Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids
  • Biotin metabolism
  • Butanoate metabolism
  • C5-Branched dibasic acid metabolism
  • Caprolactam degradation
  • Carbapenem biosynthesis
  • Carbon metabolism
  • Cationic antimicrobial peptide (CAMP) resistance
  • Chloroalkane and chloroalkene degradation
  • Chlorocyclohexane and chlorobenzene degradation
  • Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
  • Cyanoamino acid metabolism
  • Cysteine and methionine metabolism
  • D-Alanine metabolism
  • D-Glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism
  • DNA replication
  • Degradation of aromatic compounds
  • Dioxin degradation
  • Ether lipid metabolism
  • Fatty acid biosynthesis
  • Fatty acid degradation
  • Fatty acid metabolism
  • Fluorobenzoate degradation
  • Folate biosynthesis
  • Fructose and mannose metabolism
  • Galactose metabolism
  • Geraniol degradation
  • Glutathione metabolism
  • Glycerolipid metabolism
  • Glycerophospholipid metabolism
  • Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism
  • Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis
  • Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
  • Histidine metabolism
  • Homologous recombination
  • Inositol phosphate metabolism
  • Insulin resistance
  • Limonene and pinene degradation
  • Linoleic acid metabolism
  • Lipoic acid metabolism
  • Lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis
  • Lysine biosynthesis
  • Lysine degradation
  • Metabolic pathways
  • Methane metabolism
  • Microbial metabolism in diverse environments
  • Mismatch repair
  • Monobactam biosynthesis
  • Naphthalene degradation
  • Nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism
  • Nitrogen metabolism
  • Nitrotoluene degradation
  • Nonribosomal peptide structures
  • Novobiocin biosynthesis
  • Nucleotide excision repair
  • One carbon pool by folate
  • Oxidative phosphorylation
  • Pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis
  • Pentose and glucuronate interconversions
  • Pentose phosphate pathway
  • Peptidoglycan biosynthesis
  • Phenylalanine metabolism
  • Phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis
  • Phosphonate and phosphinate metabolism
  • Phosphotransferase system (PTS)
  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon degradation
  • Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism
  • Propanoate metabolism
  • Protein export
  • Purine metabolism
  • Pyrimidine metabolism
  • Pyruvate metabolism
  • RNA degradation
  • RNA polymerase
  • Riboflavin metabolism
  • Ribosome
  • Secondary bile acid biosynthesis
  • Selenocompound metabolism
  • Starch and sucrose metabolism
  • Streptomycin biosynthesis
  • Styrene degradation
  • Sulfur metabolism
  • Sulfur relay system
  • Synthesis and degradation of ketone bodies
  • Taurine and hypotaurine metabolism
  • Terpenoid backbone biosynthesis
  • Thiamine metabolism
  • Toluene degradation
  • Tryptophan metabolism
  • Two-component system
  • Tyrosine metabolism
  • Ubiquinone and other terpenoid-quinone biosynthesis
  • Valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis
  • Valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation
  • Vancomycin resistance
  • Vitamin B6 metabolism
  • Xylene degradation
  • alpha-Linolenic acid metabolism
  • beta-Alanine metabolism
  • beta-Lactam resistance

  • CLUSTERS WITH
    Group 35
  • Burkholderia xenovorans
  • Xanthobacter autotrophicus
  • Nocardioides
  • Acidobacteria bacterium
  • Rhodococcus
  • Sphingomonas wittichii
  • Marinomonas
  • Mycobacterium
  • Acinetobacter
  • Alcanivorax borkumensis
  • Group 11
  • Xanthobacter autotrophicus
  • Nocardioides
  • Pseudomonas syringae
  • Arthrobacter
  • Pseudomonas mendocina
  • Rhodococcus
  • Ralstonia eutropha
  • Burkholderia cepacia
  • Mycobacterium
  • Acinetobacter
  • Alcanivorax borkumensis
  • Burkholderia
  • Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus
  • Polaromonas naphthalenivorans
  • Vibrio fischeri
  • Acidovorax
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Pseudomonas putida
  • Pseudomonas fluorescens
  • Caulobacter crescentus
  • Serratia proteamaculans
  • Group 69
  • Aeromonas hydrophila
  • Pseudomonas fluorescens
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Pseudomonas mendocina
  • Acinetobacter
  • Group 103
  • Enterobacter
  • Acidovorax
  • Acinetobacter
  • Group 1
  • Mesorhizobium loti
  • Acidovorax avenae
  • Cupriavidus necator
  • Burkholderia cepacia
  • Shigella flexneri
  • Rhizobium etli
  • Brucella melitensis
  • Xanthomonas campestris
  • Rhizobium leguminosarum
  • Agrobacterium tumefaciens
  • Erwinia carotovora
  • Ralstonia solanacearum
  • Caulobacter crescentus
  • Bartonella tribocorum
  • Xylella fastidiosa
  • Sinorhizobium meliloti
  • Burkholderia pseudomallei
  • Gloeobacter violaceus
  • Ochrobactrum anthropi
  • Clavibacter michiganensis
  • Pseudomonas syringae
  • Xanthomonas oryzae
  • Bradyrhizobium japonicum
  • Acinetobacter
  • Burkholderia
  • Bartonella bacilliformis
  • Burkholderia cenocepacia
  • Cupriavidus metallidurans
  • Vibrio fischeri
  • Xanthomonas axonopodis
  • Brucella suis
  • Chromobacterium violaceum
  • Group 60
  • Nocardia farcinica
  • Nocardioides
  • Symbiobacterium thermophilum
  • Alcanivorax borkumensis
  • Acinetobacter
  • Group 169
  • Arthrobacter
  • Acinetobacter
  • Group 24
  • Deinococcus geothermalis
  • Burkholderia vietnamiensis
  • Burkholderia pseudomallei
  • Ochrobactrum anthropi
  • Burkholderia multivorans
  • Burkholderia cenocepacia
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Pseudomonas mendocina
  • Pseudomonas fluorescens
  • Chromobacterium violaceum
  • Burkholderia cepacia
  • Burkholderia thailandensis
  • Acinetobacter
  • Burkholderia mallei
  • Group 37
  • Burkholderia
  • Burkholderia vietnamiensis
  • Azoarcus
  • Parvibaculum lavamentivorans
  • Burkholderia cenocepacia
  • Arthrobacter
  • Acidovorax
  • Rhodococcus
  • Mesorhizobium
  • Sphingomonas wittichii
  • Marinomonas
  • Acinetobacter
  • Group 43
  • Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus
  • Escherichia coli
  • Pseudomonas syringae
  • Arthrobacter
  • Pseudomonas mendocina
  • Aeromonas hydrophila
  • Erwinia carotovora
  • Pseudomonas fluorescens
  • Listeria innocua
  • Acinetobacter
  • METABOLOMICS       
    NUTRIENTS/ SUBSTRATES

    ENDPRODUCTS
    ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE   
  • Tobramycin (aac6ig)
  • Netilmicin (aac6ig)
  • Isepamicin (aac6ig)
  • Amikacin (aac6ig)
  • Sisomicin (aac6ig)
  • Dibekacin (aac6ig)
  • Chloramphenicol (cml_e1)
  • Chloramphenicol (cata1)
  • Paromomycin (aph3ia)
  • Neomycin (aph3ia)
  • Kanamycin (aph3ia)
  • Ribostamycin (aph3ia)
  • Lividomycin (aph3ia)
  • Gentamincin b (aph3ia)
  • Cloxacillin (bl2d_oxa10)
  • Penicillin (bl2d_oxa10)
  • Tetracycline (tet_u5)
  • Astromicin (aac3ia)
  • Sisomicin (aac3ia)
  • Gentamicin (aac3ia)
  • Sulfonamide (sul1)
  • Chloramphenicol (cml_e3)
  • Carbenicillin (bl2c_bro)
  • Penicillin (bl2c_bro)
  • Monobactam (bl2be_shv2)
  • E cephalosproin (bl2be_shv2)
  • Penicillin (bl2be_shv2)
  • N cephalosproin (bl2be_shv2)
  • Trimethoprim (dfra12)
  • Spectinomycin (ant3ia)
  • Streptomycin (ant3ia)
  • Tetracycline (tetc)
  • Tetracycline (tet39)
  • Tobramycin (aac6ib)
  • Netilmicin (aac6ib)
  • Isepamicin (aac6ib)
  • Amikacin (aac6ib)
  • Sisomicin (aac6ib)
  • Dibekacin (aac6ib)
  • Chloramphenicol (catb2)
  • Chloramphenicol (adec)
  • Aminoglycoside (adec)
  • Tobramycin (ant2ia)
  • Sisomicin (ant2ia)
  • Kanamycin (ant2ia)
  • Gentamicin (ant2ia)
  • Dibekacin (ant2ia)
  • Streptomycin (aph6id)
  • Cloxacillin (bl2d_oxa2)
  • Penicillin (bl2d_oxa2)
  • Tetracycline (teth)
  • Chloramphenicol (ceob)
  • Tetracycline (tetg)
  • Tetracycline (tetm)
  • Sulfonamide (sul2)
  • Tobramycin (aac6i)
  • Netilmicin (aac6i)
  • Isepamicin (aac6i)
  • Amikacin (aac6i)
  • Sisomicin (aac6i)
  • Dibekacin (aac6i)
  • Trimethoprim (dfra1)
  • Cephalosporin (bl2_veb)
  • Penicillin (bl2_veb)
  • Tetracycline (teta)
  • Chloramphenicol (adeb)
  • Aminoglycoside (adeb)
  • Gentamicin b (aph3via)
  • Paromomycin (aph3via)
  • Neomycin (aph3via)
  • Kanamycin (aph3via)
  • Ribostamycin (aph3via)
  • Isepamicin (aph3via)
  • Butirosin (aph3via)
  • Amikacin (aph3via)
  • Monobactam (bl2be_per)
  • E cephalosproin (bl2be_per)
  • Penicillin (bl2be_per)
  • N cephalosproin (bl2be_per)
  • Tobramycin (aac6iia)
  • Netilmicin (aac6iia)
  • Sisomicin (aac6iia)
  • Gentamicin (aac6iia)
  • Dibekacin (aac6iia)
  • Cephamycin (bl3_vim)
  • Cephalosporin (bl3_vim)
  • Penicillin (bl3_vim)
  • Carbapenem (bl3_vim)
  • Monobactam (bl2be_ctxm)
  • Cephalosporin ii (bl2be_ctxm)
  • Cephalosporin iii (bl2be_ctxm)
  • Penicillin (bl2be_ctxm)
  • Cephalosporin i (bl2be_ctxm)
  • Ceftazidime (bl2be_ctxm)
  • Trimethoprim (dfra17)
  • Cephalosporin (bl2b_tem)
  • Penicillin (bl2b_tem)
  • Carbenicillin (bl2c_pse1)
  • Penicillin (bl2c_pse1)
  • Cephalosproin (bl3_imp)
  • Cephamycin (bl3_imp)
  • Penicillin (bl3_imp)
  • Carbapenem (bl3_imp)
  • Tobramycin (aac3iia)
  • Netilmicin (aac3iia)
  • Sisomicin (aac3iia)
  • Gentamicin (aac3iia)
  • Dibekacin (aac3iia)
  • Cephalosporin ii (bl2b_tem1)
  • Penicillin (bl2b_tem1)
  • Cephalosporin i (bl2b_tem1)
  • Chloramphenicol (catb3)
  • Streptomycin (aph33ib)
  • Cephamycin (bl3_sim)
  • Cephalosporin (bl3_sim)
  • Penicillin (bl3_sim)
  • Carbapenem (bl3_sim)
  • Fluoramphenicol (adea)
  • Aminoglycoside (adea)
  • BIOFILM FORMERS   COGEM PATHOGENICITY   
  • Acinetobacter sp CIP A165 (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp CIP A162 (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp HA (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp CIP 51 11 (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp CIP 102136 (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp CIP 101966 (2)
  • Acinetobacter ursingii (2)
  • Acinetobacter junii (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp CIP 102529 (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp CIP 102159 (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp CIP 110321 (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp NCTC 10304 (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp ANC 3862 (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp NCTC 7422 (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp CIP 102129 (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp MDS7A (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp CIP 64 2 (2)
  • Acinetobacter johnsonii (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp CIP 101934 (2)
  • Acinetobacter parvus (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp ANC 3994 (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp CIP 56 2 (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp CIP 53 82 (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp GG2 (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp CIP 70 18 (2)
  • Acinetobacter baumannii (2)
  • Acinetobacter haemolyticus (2)
  • Acinetobacter lwoffii (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp ANC 3929 (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp CIP 102143 (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp CIP 102082 (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp CIP 102637 (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp ATCC 27244 (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp ANC 3880 (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp NBRC 100985 (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp ANC 4105 (2)
  • Acinetobacter sp CIP 64 7 (2)

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