Butyricicoccus pullicaecorum

RANK: Species

TAXONOMY: Terrabacteria group -> Firmicutes -> Clostridia -> Clostridiales -> Clostridiaceae -> Butyricicoccus -> Butyricicoccus pullicaecorum


Butyrate producing bacteria with potential probiotic utility. In case of acid conditions (pH 2 and pH 3), B. pullicaecorum was viable and active but not cultivable. Cultivability was restored during subsequent small intestine conditions. Importantly, bile and pancreatic juice had no lethal effect. Milk, as a suspension medium, only had a protective effect on the cultivability during the first hour at pH 2. B. pullicaecorum was still metabolically active after upper gastrointestinal conditions and produced short chain fatty acids, but a shift from butyrate to acetate production was observed. Although the butyrate-producing anaerobe B. pullicaecorum showed good intrinsic acid and bile tolerance in terms of viability and metabolic activity, colonization efficiency and butyrate production under colon conditions is needed to further evaluate its probiotic potential. We can conclude that B. pullicaecorum 25-3(T) is a mucus-associated bacterium whose potency to stimulate butyrate production is characterized by a large interindividual variability in terms of composition of the receiving microbial community. [PMID: 25999470] Butyricicoccus pullicaecorum, a butyrate producer with probiotic potential, is intrinsically tolerant to stomach and small intestine conditions. [PMID: 25179909] Patients with inflammatory bowel disease have lower numbers of Butyricicoccus bacteria in their stools. Administration of B pullicaecorum attenuates TNBS-induced colitis in rats and supernatant of B pullicaecorum cultures strengthens the epithelial barrier function by increasing the TER.[PMID: 23263527] This first report of a safety assessment of a butyrate-producing strain from Clostridium cluster IV shows that B. pullicaecorum 25-3(T) is a non-pathogenic strain, but carries antibiotic resistance genes with the risk of transfer, that need further investigation. [PMID: 25007784]

This species has been identified as a resident in the human gastrointestinal tract based on the phylogenetic framework of its small subunit ribosomal RNA gene sequences.[PMC 4262072]

Gut associated
Type species
Butyrate producer
Substrates/ Growth Factors
  • Mucins

  • Metabolic Endproducts
  • Butyrate [parent]
  • Butyrate

  • Transform Product
  • Trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) [parent]