Roseburia hominis

RANK: Species

TAXONOMY: Terrabacteria group -> Firmicutes -> Clostridia -> Clostridiales -> Lachnospiraceae -> Roseburia -> Roseburia hominis


Glucuronidase activity was induced by growth on d-glucuronic acid, or by addition of 4-nitrophenol-glucuronide, in Roseburia hominis A2-183, while beta-glucosidase activity was induced by 4-nitrophenol-glucopyranoside. Inducibility varied between strains. [PMID: 18537837]

This species has been identified as a resident in the human gastrointestinal tract based on the phylogenetic framework of its small subunit ribosomal RNA gene sequences.[PMC 4262072]

Gut associated
Butyrate producer
Substrates/ Growth Factors
  • Resistant starch (type II) [parent]
  • N-Acetyl-D-glucosamine [parent]
  • Acetate [parent]
  • β-Glucan [parent]
  • Resistant starch (type III) [parent]
  • Arabinoxylans [parent]
  • Raffinose [parent]
  • Stachyose (soy oligosaccharide) [parent]
  • Chitin [parent]

  • Metabolic Endproducts
  • Lactate [parent]
  • Butyrate [parent]
  • Butyrate

  • Growth Inhibited by
  • High animal protein diet [parent]
  • Low carbohydrate diet [parent]
  • Ketogenic diet [parent]
  • High meat diet [parent]
  • Epinephrine [parent]
  • Fructo-oligosaccharides [parent]

  • Growth Enhanced By
  • Resistant starch (type II) [parent]
  • Almonds/ almond skins [parent]
  • Polymannuronic acid [parent]
  • Vitamin D [parent]
  • N-Acetyl-D-glucosamine [parent]
  • β-Glucan
  • Dopamine [parent]
  • β-Glucan [parent]
  • Walnuts [parent]
  • Whole-grain barley
  • Arabinoxylans [parent]
  • Dietary fiber [parent]