Roseburia cecicola

RANK: Species

TAXONOMY: Terrabacteria group -> Firmicutes -> Clostridia -> Clostridiales -> Lachnospiraceae -> Roseburia -> Roseburia cecicola


Roseburia cecicola gen. nov., sp. nov., a motile, obligately anaerobic bacterium from a mouse cecum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 618-627. Strain GMT cells were gram-negative, nonsporeforming, slightly curved rods (0.5 by 2.5 to 5 μm) with 20 to 35 flagella inserted into the concave side and, occasionally, into the end of each cell. The flagella appeared as a single fascicle when the cells were examined by phase-contrast microscopy. Glycerol, sorbitol, D-glucuronic acid, D-xylose, D-galactose, D-raffinose, D-glucose, D-maltose, cellobiose, sucrose, starch, and glycogen were growth substrates for this organism. Butyrate, ethanol, CO2, and H2 were products of fermentation of glucose and acetate by growing cells. The guanine-plus-cytosine content of the deoxyribonucleic acid of strain GMT was 42.3 mol%, as determined by the thermal denaturation method.

Butyrate producer
Type species
Substrates/ Growth Factors
  • Cellobiose
  • Acetate [parent]
  • D-Galactose
  • Resistant starch (type III) [parent]
  • Acetate
  • D-Sorbitol
  • Chitin [parent]
  • Sucrose
  • D-Maltose
  • D-Glucose
  • Resistant starch (type II) [parent]
  • D-Raffinose
  • N-Acetyl-D-glucosamine [parent]
  • β-Glucan [parent]
  • D-Xylose
  • Arabinoxylans [parent]
  • Raffinose [parent]
  • Stachyose (soy oligosaccharide) [parent]

  • Metabolic Endproducts
  • Ethanol
  • Lactate [parent]
  • Butyrate [parent]
  • CO2
  • H2

  • Growth Inhibited by
  • High animal protein diet [parent]
  • Low carbohydrate diet [parent]
  • Ketogenic diet [parent]
  • High meat diet [parent]
  • Epinephrine [parent]
  • Fructo-oligosaccharides [parent]

  • Growth Enhanced By
  • Resistant starch (type II) [parent]
  • Almonds/ almond skins [parent]
  • Polymannuronic acid [parent]
  • Vitamin D [parent]
  • N-Acetyl-D-glucosamine [parent]
  • Dopamine [parent]
  • β-Glucan [parent]
  • Walnuts [parent]
  • Arabinoxylans [parent]
  • Dietary fiber [parent]