Escherichia

RANK: Genus

TAXONOMY: cellular organisms -> Bacteria -> Proteobacteria -> Gammaproteobacteria -> Enterobacteriales -> Enterobacteriaceae -> Escherichia

OVERVIEW:

'Escherichia' is a genus of Gram-negative, non-spore forming, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria from the family Enterobacteriaceae. Straight cylindrical rods, 1.1–1.5 × 2.0–6.0 µm, occurring singly or in pairs. Conform to the general definition of the family Enterobacteriaceae. Gram negative. Motile by peritrichous flagella or nonmotile. Aerobic and facultatively anaerobic having both a respiratory and a fermentative type of metabolism, but anaerogenic biotypes occur. Oxidase negative. Chemoorganotrophic. Both acid and gas are formed from most fermentable carbohydrates, but i-inositol is not utilized and d-adonitol is utilized only by Escherichia fergusonii. Lactose is fermented by most strains of Escherichia coli, but fermentation may be delayed or absent in Escherichia blattae, Escherichia hermannii, Escherichia fergusonii, and Escherichia vulneris. Do not grow in KCN (with the exception of E. hermannii and a small proportion of E. vulneris). Usually do not produce H2S. E. coli occur naturally in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals, E. blattae in the hind-gut of cockroaches, and E. fergusonii, E. hermannii, and E. vulneris are found in the intestine, as well as extraintestinal sites of warm-blooded animals. Seven copies of the rrn operon with genes coding for 16S, 23S, and 5S rRNA are present on the chromosome of E. coli. Comparative sequence analysis between the genes for 16S rRNA of E. coli, E. vulneris, and E. hermannii and homologous genes from all eubacteria places E. coli and E. vulneris together in a tightly related cluster with shigellae, and E. hermannii between Salmonella spp. and Citrobacter freundii (Cilia et al., 1996). Based on 16S rRNA sequencing, escherichiae belong in the Gammaproteobacteria.The mol% G + C of the DNA is: 48–59.Type species: Escherichia coli

This genus contains microbial species that can reside in the human gastrointestinal tract. [PMC 4262072]


Gut associated
Dysbiosis associated
Name
Rank
Client %
Avg %
Avg StdDev
Client StdDev
Escherichia
genus
atypical
atypical
DESCENDANTS
INTERACTIONS
METABOLOMICS   
Substrates/ Growth Factors
  • Iron supplements [parent]
  • Acetoin [parent]
  • Lactate

  • Metabolic Endproducts
  • 2,3-Butanediol [parent]
  • 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, Serotonin)

  • Growth Inhibited by
  • Chemotherapy
  • Allium sativa
  • Cinnamon bark oil
  • Resistant starch (type III)
  • Glycyrrhizic acid
  • Vitamin D
  • Pomegranate ellagitannins [parent]
  • Lactobacillus reuteri
  • Ascophyllum nodosum (rockweed)
  • Salvia officinalis
  • Triphala
  • Garlic (allicin)
  • Astragalus
  • Oplopanax horridus
  • Plantain bananas
  • Oregano essential oil

  • Growth Enhanced By
  • Aspartame [parent]
  • Metformin

  • Antibiotic Resistance
  • Aminoglycoside (acrb)
  • Glycylcycline (acrb)
  • Macrolide (acrb)
  • Beta lactam (acrb)
  • Acriflavin (acrb)
  • Macrolide (mpha)
  • Chloramphenicol (cml_e1)
  • Paromomycin (aph3ia)
  • Neomycin (aph3ia)
  • Kanamycin (aph3ia)
  • Ribostamycin (aph3ia)
  • Lividomycin (aph3ia)
  • Gentamincin b (aph3ia)
  • Fluoroquinolone (qnrb)
  • Polymyxin (arna)
  • Astromicin (aac3ia)
  • Sisomicin (aac3ia)
  • Gentamicin (aac3ia)
  • Sulfonamide (sul1)
  • Chloramphenicol (cml_e3)
  • Paromomycin (aph3iiia)
  • Neomycin (aph3iiia)
  • Kanamycin (aph3iiia)
  • Ribostamycin (aph3iiia)
  • Lividomycin (aph3iiia)
  • Isepamicin (aph3iiia)
  • Butirosin (aph3iiia)
  • Amikacin (aph3iiia)
  • Gentamincin b (aph3iiia)
  • Monobactam (bl2be_shv2)
  • E cephalosproin (bl2be_shv2)
  • Penicillin (bl2be_shv2)
  • N cephalosproin (bl2be_shv2)
  • Tobramycin (aac6ia)
  • Netilmicin (aac6ia)
  • Isepamicin (aac6ia)
  • Amikacin (aac6ia)
  • Sisomicin (aac6ia)
  • Dibekacin (aac6ia)
  • Trimethoprim (dfra13)
  • Tobramycin (aac6ib)
  • Netilmicin (aac6ib)
  • Isepamicin (aac6ib)
  • Amikacin (aac6ib)
  • Sisomicin (aac6ib)
  • Dibekacin (aac6ib)
  • Trimethoprim (dfrb3)
  • Chloramphenicol (cml_e2)
  • Cephamycin (bl2_kpc)
  • Cephalosporin (bl2_kpc)
  • Penicillin (bl2_kpc)
  • Carbapenem (bl2_kpc)
  • Bacitracin (baca)
  • Streptomycin (aph6id)
  • Fluoroquinolone (qnra)
  • Cloxacillin (bl2d_oxa2)
  • Penicillin (bl2d_oxa2)
  • Cephalosproin (bl1_mox)
  • Sisomicin (aac3vi)
  • Gentamicin (aac3vi)
  • Aminoglycoside (emre)
  • Chloramphenicol (cata2)
  • Aminoglycoside (acra)
  • Glycylcycline (acra)
  • Macrolide (acra)
  • Beta lactam (acra)
  • Acriflavin (acra)
  • Erythromycin (ereb)
  • Tetracycline (tetm)
  • T chloride (mdto)
  • Acriflavine (mdto)
  • Puromycin (mdto)
  • Cephamycin (bl1_cmy2)
  • Cephalosporin (bl1_cmy2)
  • Ceftriaxone (bl1_cmy2)
  • Cefoxitin (bl1_cmy2)
  • Carbapenem (bl1_cmy2)
  • Ceftazidime (bl1_cmy2)
  • T chloride (mdtp)
  • Acriflavine (mdtp)
  • Puromycin (mdtp)
  • Doxorubicin (mdte)
  • Erythromycin (mdte)
  • Cephalosporin (bl2_veb)
  • Penicillin (bl2_veb)
  • Kasugamycin (ksga)
  • Fluoroquinolone (qnrs)
  • Trimethoprim (dfra5)
  • Monobactam (bl2be_per)
  • E cephalosproin (bl2be_per)
  • Penicillin (bl2be_per)
  • N cephalosproin (bl2be_per)
  • Cephalosporin ii (bl2b_tem2)
  • Penicillin (bl2b_tem2)
  • Cephalosporin i (bl2b_tem2)
  • Monobactam (bl2be_ctxm)
  • Cephalosporin ii (bl2be_ctxm)
  • Cephalosporin iii (bl2be_ctxm)
  • Penicillin (bl2be_ctxm)
  • Cephalosporin i (bl2be_ctxm)
  • Ceftazidime (bl2be_ctxm)
  • Aminoglycoside (tolc)
  • Glycylcycline (tolc)
  • Macrolide (tolc)
  • Beta lactam (tolc)
  • Acriflavin (tolc)
  • Sulfonamide (sul3)
  • Enoxacin (mdtk)
  • Norfloxacin (mdtk)
  • Trimethoprim (dfra17)
  • Macrolide (mphb)
  • Cephalosporin (bl2_ges)
  • Penicillin (bl2_ges)
  • Cloxacillin (bl2d_oxa1)
  • Penicillin (bl2d_oxa1)
  • Tobramycin (aac3iia)
  • Netilmicin (aac3iia)
  • Sisomicin (aac3iia)
  • Gentamicin (aac3iia)
  • Dibekacin (aac3iia)
  • Chloramphenicol (catb3)
  • Paromomycin (aph3ic)
  • Neomycin (aph3ic)
  • Kanamycin (aph3ic)
  • Ribostamycin (aph3ic)
  • Lividomycin (aph3ic)
  • Gentamincin b (aph3ic)
  • Cephalosporin ii (bl2b_tem1)
  • Penicillin (bl2b_tem1)
  • Cephalosporin i (bl2b_tem1)
  • Trimethoprim (dfra10)
  • Chloramphenicol (mdtl)
  • Trimethoprim (dfra16)
  • Chloramphenicol (cata1)
  • Cloxacillin (bl2d_oxa10)
  • Penicillin (bl2d_oxa10)
  • T chloride (mdtn)
  • Acriflavine (mdtn)
  • Puromycin (mdtn)
  • Trimethoprim (dfra7)
  • Chloramphenicol (mdtm)
  • Acriflavine (mdtm)
  • Norfloxacin (mdtm)
  • Erythromycin (erea)
  • Spectinomycin (ant3ia)
  • Streptomycin (ant3ia)
  • Trimethoprim (dfra12)
  • Doxorubicin (mdtf)
  • Erythromycin (mdtf)
  • Tetracycline (tetc)
  • Cephalosproin (bl1_fox)
  • Streptogramin b (ermb)
  • Lincosamide (ermb)
  • Macrolide (ermb)
  • Trimethoprim (dfra14)
  • Deoxycholate (mdth)
  • Fosfomycin (mdth)
  • Paromomycin (aph3ib)
  • Neomycin (aph3ib)
  • Kanamycin (aph3ib)
  • Ribostamycin (aph3ib)
  • Lividomycin (aph3ib)
  • Gentamincin b (aph3ib)
  • Tobramycin (ant2ia)
  • Sisomicin (ant2ia)
  • Kanamycin (ant2ia)
  • Gentamicin (ant2ia)
  • Dibekacin (ant2ia)
  • Chloramphenicol (catb2)
  • Trimethoprim (dfra15)
  • Tetracycline (tete)
  • Deoxycholate (mdtg)
  • Fosfomycin (mdtg)
  • Trimethoprim (dfrb1)
  • Cephalosproin (bl1_ec)
  • Sulfonamide (sul2)
  • Trimethoprim (dfra1)
  • Macrolide (maca)
  • Tetracycline (teta)
  • Macrolide (macb)
  • Cephalosporin (bl1_acc)
  • E penicillin (bl1_acc)
  • Trimethoprim (dfra22)
  • Cephalosproin (bl1_ampc)
  • Tetracycline (tetb)
  • Trimethoprim (dfra24)
  • Cephamycin (bl3_vim)
  • Cephalosporin (bl3_vim)
  • Penicillin (bl3_vim)
  • Carbapenem (bl3_vim)
  • Tobramycin (aac3iv)
  • Netilmicin (aac3iv)
  • Sisomicin (aac3iv)
  • Gentamicin (aac3iv)
  • Dibekacin (aac3iv)
  • Apramycin (aac3iv)
  • Cephalosporin (bl2b_tem)
  • Penicillin (bl2b_tem)
  • Carbenicillin (bl2c_pse1)
  • Penicillin (bl2c_pse1)
  • Streptomycin (aph6ic)
  • Trimethoprim (dfrb2)
  • Trimethoprim (dfra26)
  • Chloramphenicol (cata3)
  • Streptomycin (aph33ib)