Streptococcus

RANK: Genus

TAXONOMY: Bacteria -> Terrabacteria group -> Firmicutes -> Bacilli -> Lactobacillales -> Streptococcaceae -> Streptococcus

OVERVIEW:

'Streptococcus' is a genus of coccus (spherical) gram-positive bacteria belonging to the phylum Firmicutes and the order Lactobacillales (lactic acid bacteria). Cell division in this genus occurs along a single axis in these bacteria, and thus they grow in chains or pairs, hence the name—from Greek στρεπτÏŒς streptos, meaning easily bent or twisted, like a chain (twisted chain). (Contrast this with staphylococci, which divide along multiple axes and generate grape-like clusters of cells.) Most are oxidase-negative and catalase-negative, and many are facultative anaerobes. In 1984, many bacteria formerly considered Streptococcus were separated out into the genera Enterococcus and Lactococcus. Currently, over 50 species are recognised in this genus. Identified as constituent of skin microbiome. [PMC2746716]

This genus contains microbial species that can reside in the human gastrointestinal tract. [PMC 4262072]


Gut associated
Skin microbiome
Beta Galactosidase
Microbial Abundance Data: Streptococcus
Percent of total population with standard deviation [PMID: 22698087]. Percentages > 1% highlighted.
Buccal
Mucosa
Keratinized
Gingiva
Hard
Palate
Throat
Tonsils
Saliva
Stool
52.152 %
(16.392)
47.989 %
(20.607)
41.825 %
(16.662)
25.221 %
(17.057)
19.587 %
(13.318)
12.744 %
(7.711)
0.065 %
(0.374)
Name
Rank
Client %
Avg %
Avg StdDev
Client StdDev
Streptococcus
genus
0.02
0.065
0.374
WNL >30%
DESCENDANTS
  • Streptococcus acidominimus
  • Streptococcus agalactiae
  • Streptococcus alactolyticus
  • Streptococcus anginosus group
  • Streptococcus anthracis
  • Streptococcus australis
  • Streptococcus caballi
  • Streptococcus cameli
  • Streptococcus canis
  • Streptococcus caprae
  • Streptococcus castoreus
  • Streptococcus constellatus
  • Streptococcus criae
  • Streptococcus criceti
  • Streptococcus cristatus
  • Streptococcus cuniculi
  • Streptococcus danieliae
  • Streptococcus dentapri
  • Streptococcus dentasini
  • Streptococcus dentirousetti
  • Streptococcus dentisani
  • Streptococcus dentisuis
  • Streptococcus devriesei
  • Streptococcus didelphis
  • Streptococcus downei
  • Streptococcus dysgalactiae group
  • Streptococcus entericus
  • Streptococcus equinus
  • Streptococcus ferus
  • Streptococcus fryi
  • Streptococcus gallinaceus
  • Streptococcus gallolyticus
  • Streptococcus gordonii
  • Streptococcus halichoeri
  • Streptococcus henryi
  • Streptococcus hongkongensis
  • Streptococcus hyointestinalis
  • Streptococcus hyovaginalis
  • Streptococcus ictaluri
  • Streptococcus infantarius
  • Streptococcus infantis
  • Streptococcus iniae
  • Streptococcus lactarius
  • Streptococcus loxodontisalivarius
  • Streptococcus lutetiensis
  • Streptococcus macacae
  • Streptococcus macedonicus
  • Streptococcus marimammalium
  • Streptococcus massiliensis
  • Streptococcus merionis
  • Streptococcus milleri
  • Streptococcus minor
  • Streptococcus mitis
  • Streptococcus moroccensis
  • Streptococcus mutans
  • Streptococcus oligofermentans
  • Streptococcus oralis
  • Streptococcus oricebi
  • Streptococcus oriloxodontae
  • Streptococcus orisasini
  • Streptococcus orisratti
  • Streptococcus orisuis
  • Streptococcus ovis
  • Streptococcus panodentis
  • Streptococcus parasanguinis
  • Streptococcus parasuis
  • Streptococcus parauberis
  • Streptococcus pasteuri
  • Streptococcus pasteurianus
  • Streptococcus peroris
  • Streptococcus phocae
  • Streptococcus pluranimalium
  • Streptococcus plurextorum
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae
  • Streptococcus porci
  • Streptococcus porcinus
  • Streptococcus porcorum
  • Streptococcus pseudopneumoniae
  • Streptococcus pseudoporcinus
  • Streptococcus pyogenes
  • Streptococcus ratti
  • Streptococcus rifensis
  • Streptococcus rubneri
  • Streptococcus rupicaprae
  • Streptococcus salivarius
  • Streptococcus saliviloxodontae
  • Streptococcus sanguinis
  • Streptococcus sciuri
  • Streptococcus seminale
  • Streptococcus sinensis
  • Streptococcus sobrinus
  • Streptococcus sp.
  • Streptococcus sp. 11aTha1
  • Streptococcus sp. 2011_Ileo_MS_A10
  • Streptococcus sp. 2011_Ileo_MS_A12
  • Streptococcus sp. 2011_Oral_MS_A3
  • Streptococcus sp. 2011_Oral_MS_A5
  • Streptococcus sp. 2011_Oral_MS_D11
  • Streptococcus sp. 2011_Oral_MS_D12
  • Streptococcus sp. 2011_Oral_MS_E1
  • Streptococcus sp. 2011_Oral_MS_H4
  • Streptococcus sp. 3244O2
  • Streptococcus sp. BS35a
  • Streptococcus sp. GMD6S
  • Streptococcus sp. HPH0090
  • Streptococcus sp. I-G2
  • Streptococcus sp. I-P16
  • Streptococcus sp. LVRI_135
  • Streptococcus sp. M8_11_2TCO2
  • Streptococcus sp. PSH2
  • Streptococcus sp. S16-11
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 055
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 056
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 057
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 058
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 061
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 064
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 065
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 066
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 067
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 068
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 069
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 070
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 071
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 074
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 423
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 431
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 486
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon 487
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon G59
  • Streptococcus sp. oral taxon G63
  • Streptococcus suis
  • Streptococcus tangierensis
  • Streptococcus thermophilus
  • Streptococcus thoraltensis
  • Streptococcus tigurinus
  • Streptococcus troglodytae
  • Streptococcus troglodytidis
  • Streptococcus uberis
  • Streptococcus urinalis
  • Streptococcus ursoris
  • Streptococcus vestibularis
  • Streptococcus viridans
  • environmental samples
  • INTERACTIONS
    METABOLOMICS   
    Substrates/ Growth Factors
  • D-Glucose

  • Metabolic Endproducts
  • Lactic acid
  • 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, Serotonin)

  • Growth Inhibited by
  • Stevia
  • Aloe vera
  • Garlic (allicin)
  • Cinnamon bark oil
  • Peppermint oil
  • Hyocyamine
  • Berberine
  • Thyme oil
  • Resistant starch (type IV)
  • Lemongrass oil
  • Navy bean (Cooked)

  • Growth Enhanced By
  • Proton-pump inhibitors (PPI)

  • Antibiotic Resistance
  • Tetracycline (tetl)
  • Chloramphenicol (cata12)
  • Tetracycline (tetm)
  • Tetracycline (tet32)
  • Streptogramin b (msra)
  • Lincosamide (msra)
  • Macrolide (msra)
  • Penicillin (pbp2x)
  • Vancomycin (vanxb)
  • Vancomycin (vanyb)
  • Tetracycline (tets)
  • Paromomycin (aph3iiia)
  • Neomycin (aph3iiia)
  • Kanamycin (aph3iiia)
  • Ribostamycin (aph3iiia)
  • Lividomycin (aph3iiia)
  • Isepamicin (aph3iiia)
  • Butirosin (aph3iiia)
  • Amikacin (aph3iiia)
  • Gentamincin b (aph3iiia)
  • Tetracycline (tett)
  • Ciprofloxacin (pmra)
  • Norfloxacin (pmra)
  • Lincomycin (lnub)
  • Chloramphenicol (cata16)
  • Streptogramin b (ermt)
  • Lincosamide (ermt)
  • Macrolide (ermt)
  • Macrolide (mefa)
  • Tetracycline (teto)
  • Streptogramin b (ermb)
  • Lincosamide (ermb)
  • Macrolide (ermb)
  • Cephalosporin (bl2b_tem)
  • Penicillin (bl2b_tem)
  • Chloramphenicol (cata7)
  • Vancomycin (vanb)
  • Streptogramin b (erma)
  • Lincosamide (erma)
  • Macrolide (erma)
  • Cephalosporin ii (bl2b_tem1)
  • Penicillin (bl2b_tem1)
  • Cephalosporin i (bl2b_tem1)
  • Chloramphenicol (cata9)